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Veterinary & Biosecurity

Bukedi Region Leaders Collectively Sensitize & Mobilize Residents on Parish Development Model: AFRISA Actively Participates in the Process

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By Jacinta Nakaye

Bukedi region leaders carried out mobilization and sensitization exercises to enable residents in the region understand and embrace the Parish Development Model as an intervention to eradicate poverty in the country.

Spearheaded by Hon. Dr. Monica Musenero, Cabinet Minister for Science, Technology and Innovation, the leaders executed a couple of community mobilization and sensitization campaigns in different districts and parishes of the region. These exercises focused on mindset change of the residents in order for them to embrace the idea of enterprise development to increase household incomes from merely being subsistence producers.

These interventions entailed a visit by the State Dignitaries at the Model farmers’ household enterprises in Kaberekeke Parish, Petete Town Council, Butebo District on 22nd June, 2022, where the benchmarking processes for Parish Development Model (PDM) were undertaken. The visit at the Model Parish was to witness the transformationof farmers who benefited from the productivity acceleration trainings facilitated by the Africa Institute for Strategic Animal Resource Services and Development (AFRISA), College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity (CoVAB), Makerere University.

The PDM piloting phase in Kabererekeke Parish was under the support of Science, Technology and Innovation, Office of the President (STI- OP).

Visit to Kabererekeke Model Farmers’ household enterprises

Model Farmers of Kaberekeke Parish, Butebo District together with the AFRISA team members welcome State Ministers to the Benchmarking and Bukedi region Parish Development Model (PDM) planning meeting held at St. Paul High School, Petete, Butebo District on 22nd June, 2022.
Model Farmers of Kaberekeke Parish, Butebo District together with the AFRISA team members welcome State Ministers to the Benchmarking and Bukedi region Parish Development Model (PDM) planning meeting held at St. Paul High School, Petete, Butebo District on 22nd June, 2022.

State Dignitaries visited the Model farmers in Kabererekeke Parish to witness the progress of their household enterprises and to undertake a benchmarking exercise on the functionality of PDM.

Dairy model farmer, Hajira reflected on her benefits from the productivity acceleration exercises facilitated by AFRISA during the demonstration phase of PDM in Kaberekeke.

“I previously had a cow of local breed and took a decision to sell it off so that I buy another which could give me some more litres of milk.  Fortunately, the money I got from selling my previous cow was just enough for me to buy a better one. I got a new cow, but it was only producing 3 litres of milk,” narrates Hajira. She added that, “on participating in the productivity acceleration trainings on livestock nutrition facilitated by AFRISA, I decided to change my cow’s mode of feeding. Within a period of only one month, my cow currently produces 5 litres of milk. I now make some more money from selling milk.” Hajira further testified that she currently sells off 4litres of milk and remains with 1litre for home consumption.

Poultry model farmer; Wanyana Sarah also highlighted on her benefits from the productivity acceleration trainings.

“With training from AFRISA, I learnt the practice of synchronized hatching and brooding of chicks. Synchronized hatching has swiftly enabled the multiplication of my chicken and it has helped us to take care of these birds very well; I am able to vaccinate the chicks at ago. I started with 10 chicken, but currently I have 30,” testified Wanyana.

Piggery Model Farmer, Yoko Lam also reflected on his benefits.

Yoko reported that from the productivity acceleration trainings of the PDM piloting phase, he managed to construct shelter for his pig using local technology, with guidance from the AFRISA Piggery Value Chain Programme Officer, Mr. Bwire Jolly Muchere, who facilitated piggery enterprise trainings while in Kaberekeke Parish. 

Piggery Model Farmer, Yoko Lam demonstrates how he feeds his pig during the State Dignitaries' visit to model farmers’ household enterprises in Kabererekeke Parish, Butebo District on 22nd June, 2022.
Piggery Model Farmer, Yoko Lam demonstrates how he feeds his pig during the State Dignitaries’ visit to model farmers’ household enterprises in Kabererekeke Parish, Butebo District on 22nd June, 2022.

He further reports that each household in Kaberekeke, within piggery value chain is set to construct a similar shelter for the pigs. Mr. Yoko also recalls the challenges he used to face in pig farming before the training.

“I had no idea about proper nutrition for pigs and used to gather some grass to feed my pig,” he recollects, adding that, “however, I got knowledge on proper feeding of pigs. Now, I have been using nutrition boosters with support from AFRISA to improve the quality of my animal. I expect it to have eight piglets, if I decide to sell off each piglet at two hundred thousand Ugandan Shillings; I can raise good money from this enterprise,” he asserts. 

The community mobilization

The leaders of the region were later engaged in the Parish Development Model planning meeting, which was held at St. Paul High School, Petete, Butebo District. The meeting was for the leaders to caucus and roll out the mobilization process throughout the region’s seven districts and twenty-two constituencies. The meeting was to also benchmark from the Kabererekeke Model Parish where the PDM demonstration was undertaken.

During an interview with Hon. Dr. Musenero, she called for unity among leaders in order to drive development in the region.

“In the past, leaders from Bukedi region have not worked closely very well with each other, but this time, we are coming together.  We really want to work as a team and this activity is setting us off. We have sat as members of the caucus and need to galvanize to work as a solid team. We need to have an agreed upon vision for the region and must develop an implementation plan,” she said.

Bukedi region comprises of seven districts, which include; Budaka, Butebo, Butaleja, Pallisa, Tororo, Busia, and Kibuku, all in which residents were involved in the mobilization and sensitization exercises on PDM.

During an interview with Hon. Richard Oseku, Member of Parliament representing Kibale County, Palisa District, who doubles as Chairperson of Bukedi Parliamentary Caucus, he appealed to the Government of Uganda for an affirmative approach towards Bukedi in regards to poverty eradication, given that the region is considered as one of the poorest in the county.

“Bukedi region falls among the poorest in the whole country, therefore at national level, H.E. the President of the Republic of Uganda has mainstreamed Bukedi as one that needs to be attended to. However, Parish Development Model is a general program for the whole country and there’s nothing as affirmative action specified for Bukedi,” said Hon. Oseku.

He added that, “besides the normal programs that are being implemented across the whole country, there is need to think of an affirmative action in order to transform Bukedi from the majority poor to household income earners and manage their livelihood fares.”

Bukedi region PDM sensitization and mobilization exercises commenced on 23rd June, 2022. These conventions brought together Ministers, Members of Parliament, the region’s residents, leaders at Local Government level (RDCs, LCs, Councilors, Sub county chiefs, and Parish Chiefs among others), technical teams from Science, Technology and Innovation- Office of the President (STI-OP), and Africa Institute for Strategic Animal Resource Services and Development (AFRISA), religious leaders and the Police. 

The leaders emphasized mindset change of their communities to make them understand the benefits of owning household enterprises, which is to increase household incomes.

The PDM target is to move 39% of the households out of subsistence production into the money economy in the next five years. 10% support is directed to the elderly, 10% to people with disabilities, 30% to women, 30% to youth, and 20% to the men. 

PICTORIAL

Hon. Dr. Monica Musenero, Cabinet Minister for Science, Technology and Innovation, who is also the team leader of PDM implementation in Bukedi region makes her remarks during the PDM sensitization and community mobilization district meeting in Budaka on  24th June, 2022.
Hon. Dr. Monica Musenero, Cabinet Minister for Science, Technology and Innovation, who is also the team leader of PDM implementation in Bukedi region makes her remarks during the PDM sensitization and community mobilization district meeting in Budaka on  24th June, 2022.

Hon. Hellen Asamo, Minister of State for Disability Affairs chairing a PDM sensitization and mobilization District meeting in Budaka on Friday, 24th June, 2022.
Hon. Hellen Asamo, Minister of State for Disability Affairs chairing a PDM sensitization and mobilization District meeting in Budaka on Friday, 24th June, 2022.

The Executive Director, AFRISA, Mr. Felix Okello making his remarks on AFRISA’s input in the PDM productivity acceleration of households during a parish meeting in Mulanda, Tororo District on 25th June, 2022. In the front with him is the Minister of State for Defence, Hon. Jacob Marksons Oboth-Oboth, who is spearheading the PDM implementation process in Tororo District.
The Executive Director, AFRISA, Mr. Felix Okello making his remarks on AFRISA’s input in the PDM productivity acceleration of households during a parish meeting in Mulanda, Tororo District on 25th June, 2022. In the front with him is the Minister of State for Defence, Hon. Jacob Marksons Oboth-Oboth, who is spearheading the PDM implementation process in Tororo District.

Hon. Max Ochai, Member of Parliament, representing West Budama North Constituency (standing) making his remarks during a PDM sensitization and mobilization meeting in Gule Parish, Magola, Tororo District on 25th June, 2022. To his left is Hon. Dr. Emmanuel Otiam Otala, Member of Parliament representing West Budama South Constituency, Tororo District, and the Minister of State for Defence, Hon. Jacob Marksons Oboth-Oboth (2nd left). To his right is AFRISA’s Executive Director, Mr. Felix Okello.
Hon. Max Ochai, Member of Parliament, representing West Budama North Constituency (standing) making his remarks during a PDM sensitization and mobilization meeting in Gule Parish, Magola, Tororo District on 25th June, 2022. To his left is Hon. Dr. Emmanuel Otiam Otala, Member of Parliament representing West Budama South Constituency, Tororo District, and the Minister of State for Defence, Hon. Jacob Marksons Oboth-Oboth (2nd left). To his right is AFRISA’s Executive Director, Mr. Felix Okello.

AFRISA’s Programme Officer for Pig Industry and Business, Mr. Bwire Jolly Muchere sensitizing the community on productivity acceleration of households through practicing piggery during a Parish meeting in Kabwangasi Sub county, Butebo District on 3rd July, 2022.
AFRISA’s Programme Officer for Pig Industry and Business, Mr. Bwire Jolly Muchere sensitizing the community on productivity acceleration of households through practicing piggery during a Parish meeting in Kabwangasi Sub county, Butebo District on 3rd July, 2022.

AFRISA’s Programme Officer for the Dairy Value Chain, Mr. Israel Baguma sensitizing the community on productivity acceleration of households during a Parish meeting in Mulanda, Tororo District on 25th June, 2022.
AFRISA’s Programme Officer for the Dairy Value Chain, Mr. Israel Baguma sensitizing the community on productivity acceleration of households during a Parish meeting in Mulanda, Tororo District on 25th June, 2022.

AFRISA’s Programme Officer for the Poultry Value Chain, Ms. Joyna Ofungi (Standing-Right) sensitizing the community on productivity acceleration of households during a PDM sensitization and mobilization meeting in Gule Parish, Magola, Tororo District on 25th June, 2022.
AFRISA’s Programme Officer for the Poultry Value Chain, Ms. Joyna Ofungi (Standing-Right) sensitizing the community on productivity acceleration of households during a PDM sensitization and mobilization meeting in Gule Parish, Magola, Tororo District on 25th June, 2022.

Veterinary & Biosecurity

“We are now citizens of the planet, The planetary phase of civilization”

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Hon. Monica Musenero Musanza, The Minister for Science, Technology and Innovation (Front 3rd Right) with stakeholders at the opening the symposium held from 2nd to 4th August 2022 at CoVAB, Makerere University.

One world – One farm – One health

Makerere University recently signed a Declaration of intent to join Global Farm platform network and partnership, one of whose objectives is to establish a global academic network to promote farm research platforms for optimization of ruminant livestock production and hence contribute to food security, sustainability and poverty alleviation.

The Global Farm Platform offers an opportunity for conducting large transnational research, collection and exchange of big data and scientific exchanges and application of cutting edge technologies.

The Deputy Principal CoVAB, Prof.  James Okwee Acai (Centre) exchanges the signed declaration of intent with Prof. Mark Eisler from Bristol University (2nd Right).
The Deputy Principal CoVAB, Prof. James Okwee Acai (Centre) exchanges the signed declaration of intent with Prof. Mark Eisler from Bristol University (2nd Right).

The signing of the declaration of intent followed a three-day partnership symposium on Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) conducted at the College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal resources and Bio Security (CoVAB) from 2nd to 4th August 2022.

With support from Worldwide Universities Network (WUN), the symposium brought together stakeholders from the University of Bristol UK, Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural resources Malawi, University of Ghana, Busitema University, National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO), Africa Institute for Strategic Animal Resource Services and Development (AFRISA) and the host Makerere University.

Stakeholders at the symposium listen to Prof. John David Kabasa.
Stakeholders at the symposium listen to Prof. John David Kabasa.

The symposium that was hosted by the Centre for Biosecurity and Global Health at CoVAB focused on the Theme; Recovery of Human Health and Wellbeing through sustainable Livestock Production in Sub Saharan Africa: The Food Not Feed approach.

It was premised on the realization that the food-feed competition of human food was one of the complex challenges that had greatly contributed to climate change, land degradation and water shortages in an effort to have sustainable food production.  The One world – One farm approach that has been found crucial in redressing the food and not feed approach and the climate change challenges set out to look for multifaceted solutions through collaboration and partnerships. The symposium therefore was convened to reflect on and provide input into sustainable livestock development and production in sub-Saharan Africa in the wake of the globalization of the economy, climate change and pressure for safe food.  It was also among other things aimed at developing research groups to promote science, technology and innovations in accelerated livestock production and productivity and for universities to build strong Global farm platform networks.

Prof. John David Kabasa (L) chats with stakeholders at the symposium.
Prof. John David Kabasa (L) chats with stakeholders at the symposium.

The Deputy Principal College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity Prof.  James Okwee Acai welcomed the participants and expressed gratitude towards the Minister for Science, Technology and Innovations for her continued support to the College which he said, was a manifestation of the trust in the output of the college. He noted that her presence at the symposium was an indication of the commitment that the Ministry had in building the much needed partnerships.

While addressing himself to the theme, Prof. Acai said the symposium brought together a great team of partners as evidenced from the Universities represented as well as the Makerere University team led by Prof. John David Kabasa. He expressed optimism that the outputs would contribute greatly towards the realization of the much needed synergies in livestock research output drawing lessons from the partnerships involving the North and South.

Prof. John David Kabasa makes remarks on behalf of the consortium.
Prof. John David Kabasa makes remarks on behalf of the consortium.

Makerere University’s Prof. John David Kabasa who made remarks on behalf of the consortium noted that the universe was in the planetary phase of civilization which he described as a state of increased global interdependence.  He said it was necessary that they discussed ways of ensuring sustainable production in the wake of climate change and other challenges facing the world.  While giving reference to the concept of One world – One farm – One health, Prof. Kabasa said that until recently with the onset of COVID- 19 and the Ukraine War and their effect on our livelihood, we did not know that we were  linked to one another.

Prof. Kabasa illustrated the composition of a healthy plate that should include carbohydrates, proteins and vegetables.  He said this was required by the Eight Billion people living on the planet. ‘Where will a healthy plate come from with the increasing population vis the existing land and water resources’ queried the Professor, while encouraging land use change. ‘The model of burying should change since it is not sustainable, food must increase, urbanization and peasantry displacement is inevitable,’ he explained while emphasizing the need for better, scientifically proven methods of increased productivity in order to satisfy the food demand. 

Prof. John David Kabasa makes his remarks.
Prof. John David Kabasa makes his remarks.

Prof. Kabasa noted that although the existing challenges were created by Science Technology and Innovation, it was the same way that they could be redressed.  He urged the College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Bio security to take lead in the intensification of production of animal sources of food to help meet the projected demand.He cautioned that unless there was a change, the kind of science we were doing would lead to our own displacement and cited the example of the daily meat demand that stood at 40 million kilograms.  ‘As we intensify, you must produce on land, below the land and above the land’ he said.

Prof. Kabasa pointed out the challenge of the greenhouse emissions and urged scientists to come up with the right models of production. ‘Scientists must come out loudly to address the challenges we have created ourselves. We need new brains to redress the issue of poison which is destroying the biodiversity’. He noted.

Hon. Monica Musenero Musanza addresses the symposium.
Hon. Monica Musenero Musanza addresses the symposium.

He said that being part of the global farm required addressing the modes of production that had led to the rejection of products from Africa leading to market loss, which meant no jobs, leading to labor export, while importing products.  ‘When will you scientists become angry. Even your own children will be exported’, he said. Kabasa also stressed the need to re-orient the science Technology Innovations pathways to industrial value chains and away from a commodity based thinking. At CoVAB, through the various schools there were pillars of industrial value chains including medicine resources, wild life resources, biomolecules, bio lab resources as well as household resources, he said.

Hon. Monica Musenero Musanza, The Minister for Science, Technology and Innovations while opening the symposium noted that for long Africa had relegated the responsibility of thinking and depended on the thoughts from others. All this has not helped Africa, she observed, and the current thought process was to provide the next leaders, citing the think tank that exists at her ministry.

Prof. Mark Eisler from Bristol University makes his remarks.
Prof. Mark Eisler from Bristol University makes his remarks.

While giving the example of the Mbale flood tragedy that had left scores dead, Hon. Musenero noted that such a scenario was a result of action without thinking that led to environmental degradation. She said the symposium would help organize thoughts and that the more the thinking, the better the results. She said the onset of Covid -19 in Africa provided a landmark that pushed us to sit in a thinking chain. ‘The future does not happen but is created. As we sit here and think global sustainability, it means integrity and balance, which are key for sustainability’ she observed.  She encouraged the scientists to think of new innovations and continue investing in the thinking process given that 50% of the work in the Science Innovation and Technology sector was thinking.  It is unacceptable that a Professor with all the research and teaching has no patent or commercialized product, she stressed.

Stakeholders visit Kitale Farm.
Stakeholders visit Kitale Farm.

The participants at the symposium took off time to visit some farmers that included Edward Kalemba who is an urban Dairy farmer in Kasangati with eight animals operating in his compound. He uses animal waste to make bio gas while the slurry from the biogas used on his farm.

At the symposium, presentations were made by the respective entities. In the end there were a number of recommendations made that included the establishment of a multi-disciplinary research group to uphold the Global Farm Platform, to collaboratively harness the science Technology and Innovations capacities of African institutions to resolve the challenges of climate change and sustainable livestock development and production as well as developing appropriate and alternative livestock feed and production technologies.

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Veterinary & Biosecurity

Mak-COVAB Opens a Dairy Demonstration Farm

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The Principal CoVAB, Prof. Nobert Frank Mwiine (4th R) with college staff at Nakyesasa during the visit on 25th July 2022.

Makerere University and the College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources, and Bio Security (CoVAB) in particular are set to open a Diary Demonstration Farm project, the Korea-Uganda Dairy Project (KUDaP) on Wednesday 24th of August 2022 at Nakyesasa, one of the incubation centers managed by the college.

The Dairy demonstration farm is being established under a collaboration with Jeonmbuk National University and support by Korea Rural Cooperation.

 The Milking Parlour at the Dairy Demonstration farm at Nakyesasa
The Milking Parlour at the Dairy Demonstration farm at Nakyesasa

The event is expected to be graced by the Vice Chancellor of Makerere University, Prof. Barnabas Nawangwe, The Deputy Speaker of Parliament, Hon. Thomas Tayebwa, The Dignitaries from the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries and other stakeholders in the industry.

According to the College Principal Prof. Nobert Frank Mwiine, the project to be handed over will serve as a center research and training hub in dairy development.  He said the intended beneficiaries include Veterinary and Animal Production/ Management students that will use it as a training and research center but also farmers interested in dairy production.

Inspection of the Banana plantation at Nakyesasa by the Principal Prof. Nobert Frank Mwiine  (R), the Farm Manager (L) and other officials
Inspection of the Banana plantation at Nakyesasa by the Principal Prof. Nobert Frank Mwiine (R), the Farm Manager (L) and other officials

The Principal who led a delegation of staff from the College to make an on-spot inspection of the project and other enterprises at Nakyesasa incubation Centre also chaired the Academic Board and Finance Committee meetings at this site.

He commended the project team for the work done to date that led to the completion of the first phase of the project to be formerly received as one of the achievements marking the 50 years of higher Veterinary education in Uganda and 100 years of Makerere University.

The Principal Investigator (PI) of the Project, Prof. Robert Tweyongyere (R) with the Principal Prof. Norbert Frank Mwiine (L) and other officials during the inspection visit.
The Principal Investigator (PI) of the Project, Prof. Robert Tweyongyere (R) with the Principal Prof. Norbert Frank Mwiine (L) and other officials during the inspection visit.

Prof. Robert Tweyongyere, the Dean School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Resources and Principal investigator (PI) of the project said the handover will mark the end of the first and construction phase of the project which will be followed by a subsequent phase of stocking with cows and later on value addition.

Prof. Tweyongyere said the project is intended to support the College play a role in improving productivity of dairy farmers and to serve as a dairy demonstration farm for Makerere University.  He said on Friday 25th of August 2022, the project management consultant is expected to hand over the project to Makerere University.

The cattle shed at the Dairy Demonstration farm at Nakyesasa
The cattle shed at the Dairy Demonstration farm at Nakyesasa

The team on the inspection visit on 25th July 2022 comprised Heads of departments and other staff from CoVAB as well as representatives of the Project team that also made a tour of other enterprises on the farm including the banana plantation and discussed ways through which the different enterprises would synergize each other.

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Veterinary & Biosecurity

CoVAB Annual Report 2021

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Prof. Norbert Frank Mwiine, Principal CoVAB in the academic procession of the 72nd Graduation Ceremony on 25th May 2022, Makerere University.

It is a pleasure for me to present to you highlights of the achievements and milestones that the College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Bio Security has realized over the year 2021. The report covers what we were able to do based on the targets set out in the strategic plan amidst the challenges. The past year in my view was both an exhilarating and challenging time not only at CoVAB but generally at Makerere University and in the higher education sector in the country. All this is because it posed to us as leaders in the sector, unprecedented scenarios that needed quick action and innovativeness as well as changes in the way we usually handle the teaching and learning. Indeed, it was not business as usual.

The year 2021 marked a 50-year milestone in the teaching and learning on the Veterinary Sciences and the yearlong celebration of achievements fits in well with the Mak@100 mark of excellence of Makerere University.

This report gives some highlights of the tremendous achievements realized in the delivery of services responsive to the needs of the communities. The signing of an agreement between the College and Alfasan Uganda Limited to address the problem of ticks and tick-borne diseases in Africa is worth mentioning. As part of the COVAB@50 celebrations, Nakyesasa Livestock Industrial Research, Incubation and Skilling Centre was commissioned as an alternative model of skilling education, community and household transformation.

The College attracted a number of research grants that enhanced the practical teaching and learning experience at the college for both staff and students. Staff and students were able to reach out to the communities in need in the application of the skills and knowledge acquired through a number of studies and this made our presence felt among the communities for whom we exist.

I take this rare opportunity to appreciate the Government of Uganda and the University Administration for creating an enabling environment despite the hard times that saw us complete the academic year successfully. It is worth mentioning that all this has also been realized with support from our development partners to whom we are greatly indebted.

Based on the practice of collective responsibility, all that we have been able to do has been through the contribution of every member of staff at CoVAB, both Academic and Administrative and their input cannot go unnoticed. Suffice it to mention the great contribution made by my predecessor Prof. John David Kabasa who passed over the baton of leadership at the end of the year.

I take cognizance of the lessons learnt along the way and these will be some of the basis that will guide the course of implementation of the College mandate in the coming period.

Prof. Norbert Frank Mwiine
PRINCIPAL

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