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Veterinary & Biosecurity

Bukedi Region Leaders Collectively Sensitize & Mobilize Residents on Parish Development Model: AFRISA Actively Participates in the Process

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By Jacinta Nakaye

Bukedi region leaders carried out mobilization and sensitization exercises to enable residents in the region understand and embrace the Parish Development Model as an intervention to eradicate poverty in the country.

Spearheaded by Hon. Dr. Monica Musenero, Cabinet Minister for Science, Technology and Innovation, the leaders executed a couple of community mobilization and sensitization campaigns in different districts and parishes of the region. These exercises focused on mindset change of the residents in order for them to embrace the idea of enterprise development to increase household incomes from merely being subsistence producers.

These interventions entailed a visit by the State Dignitaries at the Model farmers’ household enterprises in Kaberekeke Parish, Petete Town Council, Butebo District on 22nd June, 2022, where the benchmarking processes for Parish Development Model (PDM) were undertaken. The visit at the Model Parish was to witness the transformationof farmers who benefited from the productivity acceleration trainings facilitated by the Africa Institute for Strategic Animal Resource Services and Development (AFRISA), College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity (CoVAB), Makerere University.

The PDM piloting phase in Kabererekeke Parish was under the support of Science, Technology and Innovation, Office of the President (STI- OP).

Visit to Kabererekeke Model Farmers’ household enterprises

Model Farmers of Kaberekeke Parish, Butebo District together with the AFRISA team members welcome State Ministers to the Benchmarking and Bukedi region Parish Development Model (PDM) planning meeting held at St. Paul High School, Petete, Butebo District on 22nd June, 2022.
Model Farmers of Kaberekeke Parish, Butebo District together with the AFRISA team members welcome State Ministers to the Benchmarking and Bukedi region Parish Development Model (PDM) planning meeting held at St. Paul High School, Petete, Butebo District on 22nd June, 2022.

State Dignitaries visited the Model farmers in Kabererekeke Parish to witness the progress of their household enterprises and to undertake a benchmarking exercise on the functionality of PDM.

Dairy model farmer, Hajira reflected on her benefits from the productivity acceleration exercises facilitated by AFRISA during the demonstration phase of PDM in Kaberekeke.

“I previously had a cow of local breed and took a decision to sell it off so that I buy another which could give me some more litres of milk.  Fortunately, the money I got from selling my previous cow was just enough for me to buy a better one. I got a new cow, but it was only producing 3 litres of milk,” narrates Hajira. She added that, “on participating in the productivity acceleration trainings on livestock nutrition facilitated by AFRISA, I decided to change my cow’s mode of feeding. Within a period of only one month, my cow currently produces 5 litres of milk. I now make some more money from selling milk.” Hajira further testified that she currently sells off 4litres of milk and remains with 1litre for home consumption.

Poultry model farmer; Wanyana Sarah also highlighted on her benefits from the productivity acceleration trainings.

“With training from AFRISA, I learnt the practice of synchronized hatching and brooding of chicks. Synchronized hatching has swiftly enabled the multiplication of my chicken and it has helped us to take care of these birds very well; I am able to vaccinate the chicks at ago. I started with 10 chicken, but currently I have 30,” testified Wanyana.

Piggery Model Farmer, Yoko Lam also reflected on his benefits.

Yoko reported that from the productivity acceleration trainings of the PDM piloting phase, he managed to construct shelter for his pig using local technology, with guidance from the AFRISA Piggery Value Chain Programme Officer, Mr. Bwire Jolly Muchere, who facilitated piggery enterprise trainings while in Kaberekeke Parish. 

Piggery Model Farmer, Yoko Lam demonstrates how he feeds his pig during the State Dignitaries' visit to model farmers’ household enterprises in Kabererekeke Parish, Butebo District on 22nd June, 2022.
Piggery Model Farmer, Yoko Lam demonstrates how he feeds his pig during the State Dignitaries’ visit to model farmers’ household enterprises in Kabererekeke Parish, Butebo District on 22nd June, 2022.

He further reports that each household in Kaberekeke, within piggery value chain is set to construct a similar shelter for the pigs. Mr. Yoko also recalls the challenges he used to face in pig farming before the training.

“I had no idea about proper nutrition for pigs and used to gather some grass to feed my pig,” he recollects, adding that, “however, I got knowledge on proper feeding of pigs. Now, I have been using nutrition boosters with support from AFRISA to improve the quality of my animal. I expect it to have eight piglets, if I decide to sell off each piglet at two hundred thousand Ugandan Shillings; I can raise good money from this enterprise,” he asserts. 

The community mobilization

The leaders of the region were later engaged in the Parish Development Model planning meeting, which was held at St. Paul High School, Petete, Butebo District. The meeting was for the leaders to caucus and roll out the mobilization process throughout the region’s seven districts and twenty-two constituencies. The meeting was to also benchmark from the Kabererekeke Model Parish where the PDM demonstration was undertaken.

During an interview with Hon. Dr. Musenero, she called for unity among leaders in order to drive development in the region.

“In the past, leaders from Bukedi region have not worked closely very well with each other, but this time, we are coming together.  We really want to work as a team and this activity is setting us off. We have sat as members of the caucus and need to galvanize to work as a solid team. We need to have an agreed upon vision for the region and must develop an implementation plan,” she said.

Bukedi region comprises of seven districts, which include; Budaka, Butebo, Butaleja, Pallisa, Tororo, Busia, and Kibuku, all in which residents were involved in the mobilization and sensitization exercises on PDM.

During an interview with Hon. Richard Oseku, Member of Parliament representing Kibale County, Palisa District, who doubles as Chairperson of Bukedi Parliamentary Caucus, he appealed to the Government of Uganda for an affirmative approach towards Bukedi in regards to poverty eradication, given that the region is considered as one of the poorest in the county.

“Bukedi region falls among the poorest in the whole country, therefore at national level, H.E. the President of the Republic of Uganda has mainstreamed Bukedi as one that needs to be attended to. However, Parish Development Model is a general program for the whole country and there’s nothing as affirmative action specified for Bukedi,” said Hon. Oseku.

He added that, “besides the normal programs that are being implemented across the whole country, there is need to think of an affirmative action in order to transform Bukedi from the majority poor to household income earners and manage their livelihood fares.”

Bukedi region PDM sensitization and mobilization exercises commenced on 23rd June, 2022. These conventions brought together Ministers, Members of Parliament, the region’s residents, leaders at Local Government level (RDCs, LCs, Councilors, Sub county chiefs, and Parish Chiefs among others), technical teams from Science, Technology and Innovation- Office of the President (STI-OP), and Africa Institute for Strategic Animal Resource Services and Development (AFRISA), religious leaders and the Police. 

The leaders emphasized mindset change of their communities to make them understand the benefits of owning household enterprises, which is to increase household incomes.

The PDM target is to move 39% of the households out of subsistence production into the money economy in the next five years. 10% support is directed to the elderly, 10% to people with disabilities, 30% to women, 30% to youth, and 20% to the men. 

PICTORIAL

Hon. Dr. Monica Musenero, Cabinet Minister for Science, Technology and Innovation, who is also the team leader of PDM implementation in Bukedi region makes her remarks during the PDM sensitization and community mobilization district meeting in Budaka on  24th June, 2022.
Hon. Dr. Monica Musenero, Cabinet Minister for Science, Technology and Innovation, who is also the team leader of PDM implementation in Bukedi region makes her remarks during the PDM sensitization and community mobilization district meeting in Budaka on  24th June, 2022.

Hon. Hellen Asamo, Minister of State for Disability Affairs chairing a PDM sensitization and mobilization District meeting in Budaka on Friday, 24th June, 2022.
Hon. Hellen Asamo, Minister of State for Disability Affairs chairing a PDM sensitization and mobilization District meeting in Budaka on Friday, 24th June, 2022.

The Executive Director, AFRISA, Mr. Felix Okello making his remarks on AFRISA’s input in the PDM productivity acceleration of households during a parish meeting in Mulanda, Tororo District on 25th June, 2022. In the front with him is the Minister of State for Defence, Hon. Jacob Marksons Oboth-Oboth, who is spearheading the PDM implementation process in Tororo District.
The Executive Director, AFRISA, Mr. Felix Okello making his remarks on AFRISA’s input in the PDM productivity acceleration of households during a parish meeting in Mulanda, Tororo District on 25th June, 2022. In the front with him is the Minister of State for Defence, Hon. Jacob Marksons Oboth-Oboth, who is spearheading the PDM implementation process in Tororo District.

Hon. Max Ochai, Member of Parliament, representing West Budama North Constituency (standing) making his remarks during a PDM sensitization and mobilization meeting in Gule Parish, Magola, Tororo District on 25th June, 2022. To his left is Hon. Dr. Emmanuel Otiam Otala, Member of Parliament representing West Budama South Constituency, Tororo District, and the Minister of State for Defence, Hon. Jacob Marksons Oboth-Oboth (2nd left). To his right is AFRISA’s Executive Director, Mr. Felix Okello.
Hon. Max Ochai, Member of Parliament, representing West Budama North Constituency (standing) making his remarks during a PDM sensitization and mobilization meeting in Gule Parish, Magola, Tororo District on 25th June, 2022. To his left is Hon. Dr. Emmanuel Otiam Otala, Member of Parliament representing West Budama South Constituency, Tororo District, and the Minister of State for Defence, Hon. Jacob Marksons Oboth-Oboth (2nd left). To his right is AFRISA’s Executive Director, Mr. Felix Okello.

AFRISA’s Programme Officer for Pig Industry and Business, Mr. Bwire Jolly Muchere sensitizing the community on productivity acceleration of households through practicing piggery during a Parish meeting in Kabwangasi Sub county, Butebo District on 3rd July, 2022.
AFRISA’s Programme Officer for Pig Industry and Business, Mr. Bwire Jolly Muchere sensitizing the community on productivity acceleration of households through practicing piggery during a Parish meeting in Kabwangasi Sub county, Butebo District on 3rd July, 2022.

AFRISA’s Programme Officer for the Dairy Value Chain, Mr. Israel Baguma sensitizing the community on productivity acceleration of households during a Parish meeting in Mulanda, Tororo District on 25th June, 2022.
AFRISA’s Programme Officer for the Dairy Value Chain, Mr. Israel Baguma sensitizing the community on productivity acceleration of households during a Parish meeting in Mulanda, Tororo District on 25th June, 2022.

AFRISA’s Programme Officer for the Poultry Value Chain, Ms. Joyna Ofungi (Standing-Right) sensitizing the community on productivity acceleration of households during a PDM sensitization and mobilization meeting in Gule Parish, Magola, Tororo District on 25th June, 2022.
AFRISA’s Programme Officer for the Poultry Value Chain, Ms. Joyna Ofungi (Standing-Right) sensitizing the community on productivity acceleration of households during a PDM sensitization and mobilization meeting in Gule Parish, Magola, Tororo District on 25th June, 2022.

Veterinary & Biosecurity

AFRISA: Call for Applications for Diploma & Certificate Programs

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A female AFRISA Graduate tends to her poultry business. Photo credit: AFRISA.

About AFRISA

The AFRISA program is an innovation of the Government of Uganda and Makerere University for deliberately providing a unique and alternative model of education that combines wholesome skilling, enterprise development and community socio-economic transformation to mitigate the challenges of poverty, peasantry, school dropout and unemployment. AFRISA programs are accredited by two accreditation bodies:-

  1. Higher Education Qualifications Framework awarded by College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity (CoVAB) –Mak, and
  2. Uganda Vocational qualifications Framework (UVQF) awarded by Directorate of Industrial Trainings (DIT).Learners can grow through both pathways.

Application for 2023

AFRISA is receiving applications for the February and July 2023 intakes study leading to Diploma and Certificate awards in the following industrial value chain:

  1. Laboratory Science Education and Industry
  2. Poultry Industry and Business
  3. Dairy Industry and Business
  4. Feed Industry and Business
  5. Leather Industry and Business
  6. Pig Industry and Business
  7. Meat Industry and Business
  8. Bee Industry and Business 
  9. Fish Industry and Business
  10. Wildlife Industry and Business

Program Duration and Minimum requirement

  1. Higher Education Qualifications Frame work
  Program AwardMinimum Duration  Minimum Requirement
Ordinary Diploma2 yearsOne principal pass in any of: Bio, Chem, Phy, Math, Agri, Geog, F&N, Econ, Entand two subsidiaries in any of the subjects offered at the same sitting or UVQF Level 2
Ordinary Certificate2 yearsO-level with atleast five credits obtained at the same sitting or UVQF level 1
2. Uganda Vocational Qualifications Frame work
Artisan Level 1,2, 3 and 4Duration depends on minimum entry level and dedicated timeBasic education. One can grow from level 1 to 4 (equivalent to Diploma)  

Telephone Contacts: +256 775893290, +256 754552194, +256 781502330  

Online Application:   https://www.afrisa.org/application.html

Email and website:  E-Mail: info@afrisa.org     Web: www.afrisa.org

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Veterinary & Biosecurity

Researchers embark on Capacitating One Health in Eastern and Southern Africa (COHESA) Project in Uganda

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Seated (Left to Right): Prof. Clovice Kankya, Prof. James Okwee Acai, Rose Nakabugo from the Office of the Prime Minister and other key One Health stakeholders at the project launch on 7th December, 2022, CoVAB, Makerere University.

By Joseph Odoi

Makerere University’s College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Bio Security (CoVAB), with a consortium of partners, namely the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), the French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD) and International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech (ISAAA) have embarked on implementing a new project titled; Capacitating One Health in Eastern and Southern Africa (COHESA) Project, funded by the European Union.

This project aims to generate an inclusive Research & Innovation ecosystem, facilitating rapid uptake, adaption and adoption of solutions to issues that can be dealt with using a One Health approach, with the One Health concept embedded across society in Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA), working for healthy humans, animals and environments.

The project was launched during a stakeholders meeting held on 7th December 2022 at the Biosecurity Centre, Makerere University. The function was graced by Prof. James Okwee Acai, the Deputy Principal of CoVAB, Rose Nakabugo from the Office of the Prime Minister and other government institutions   that include Ministry of Health, Kyambogo University and the National One Health Platform among others.

While officially launching the project, Prof. Clovice Kankya, the Project’s Principal Investigator (PI) for East Africa welcomed the participants to the event. He noted that; the world is facing unprecedented, inter-connected threats to the health of people, animals, and the environment; addressing these threats requires cross-sectoral, systems-wide approaches.

“The One Health concept recognizes the interconnection between people, animals, plants, and the environment.COVID-19 and its origins as a zoonotic pathogen is a particularly pertinent example, but One Health concerns many of the other major threats of our time, such as climate change and disease emergence, antimicrobial resistance, ecosystem destruction with loss of biodiversity and the fragility of food and feed systems.

 In a globalised world, it is imperative that all nations and societies better manage One Health. In this project we look to build One Health capacity in Eastern and Southern Africa” Prof.Kankya explained of the new project

Expected outputs

  • Government entities with OH mandates and OH stakeholders across society capacitated in cross-sectoral collaboration around OH
  • Government entities capacitated in the development of evidence-based OH strategies and policies
  • National secondary, tertiary, and vocational education institutes strengthened in building OH capacity for the next generation workforce
  • Research institutes capacitated in training next generation OH researchers
  • Research institutes capacitated in identification, development, adaption, and delivery of OH solutions (technologies, soft skills and strategic approaches for addressing current challenges)
  • Service providers (public, private) capacitated in identification, adoption and delivery of OH solutions
  • OH related Public-Private Partnerships strengthened in delivery of OH solutions and consultation on OH issues
  • Contribution to emerging understanding on OH, its appropriate use and added value
  • Knowledge and Information on OH research and policies in ESA promoted through project platforms

In his remarks, Professor James Okwee Acai, the Deputy Principal on behalf of the Principal Prof. Norbert Frank Mwiine emphasized the importance multi-sectoral approach and collaboration in One Health adding that capacity building is key in One Health research. He also thanked partners for choosing to work with Makerere University as a trusted partner in One Health research.

Prof. James Okwee Acai, the Deputy Principal of the College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Bio-security (CoVAB).
Prof. James Okwee Acai, the Deputy Principal of the College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Bio-security (CoVAB).

In her remarks, Rose Nakabugo from the Office of the Prime Minister said, ‘Uganda as a country is faced by zoonotic diseases thus the coming of COHESA will help in addressing these challenges affecting humans, animals and environment.’ She, in a special way, thanked the project team lead for Uganda, Prof. Kankya for taking lead in an initiative that will help in knowledge generation and provide direction for One Health including a curriculum for further education in One Health

Rose Nakabugo from the Office of the Prime Minister reaffirmed government’s commitment in One Health Initiative.
Rose Nakabugo from the Office of the Prime Minister reaffirmed government’s commitment in One Health Initiative.

During this launch, One Health Stakeholders were taken through focus group discussions, interviews with key stakeholders were organized, and the Q & A feedback and evaluations were collected. The focus group session was chaired by Mr. Okello Justine from COVAB

Mr. Justine Okello from CoVAB leading participants through a Q&A session as part of COHESA Project Work.
Mr. Justine Okello from CoVAB leading participants through a Q&A session as part of COHESA Project Work.

Some of the issues highlighted by the participants were relevance of One Health at their workplace, the importance of capacity building in one health, funding challenges around One Health, capacity building, coordination and collaborations around One Health, what should be done to promote One Health and challenges and the future of One Health in 10 years from now.

More about the Project

The COHESA project consortium works with in-country multiplier organizations (mostly One Health research and implementation organizations) to deliver the project to beneficiaries, mainly government, education, research and service providers engaged in One Health.

Duration: December 2021-November 2025  (funded by the European Union)

Project Leads:

Theo Knight-Jones (ILRI), Alexandre Caron (CIRAD); Margaret Karembu (ISAAA)

For more information, visit the project website: https://www.ilri.org/research/projects/capacitating-one-health-eastern-and-southern-africa

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Veterinary & Biosecurity

Antimicrobial Awareness Resistance Awareness Week, 18th-24th November, 2022: “Public Cautioned on Self Medication & Misuse of Drugs”

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Some of the participants attending the Antimicrobial Resistance Awareness Week Session at Nakasongola District Headquarters on 24th November 2022.

By Joseph Odoi

Assoc. Prof. Lawrence Mugisha  from the College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Bio Security (CoVAB), Makerere University has cautioned the general public on self-medication and  misuse of drugs.

This call comes at a time when microbial infections are becoming increasingly resistant to available drugs under the scientific phenomenon known as Antimicrobial resistance

According to WHO, Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) occurs when bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites change over time and no longer respond to medicines, making infections harder to treat and increasing the risk of disease spread, severe illness and death. As a result of drug resistance,antibiotics and other antimicrobial medicines become ineffective and infections become increasingly difficult or impossible to treat.

Prof. Lawrence Mugisha making a presentation on combating AMR during the dialogue held at Hotel Africana.
Prof. Lawrence Mugisha making a presentation on combating AMR during the dialogue held at Hotel Africana.

While gracing the   Antimicrobial resistance Awareness Week Dialogue (AMR) held at Hotel Africana, Kampala Uganda, Prof. Lawrence Mugisha said Antimicrobial resistance is on the rise locally and globally mainly due to over consumption and misuse of antimicrobials thus need for urgent attention.

‘’Antimicrobial resistance is on the rise locally and globally mainly due to over consumption and misuse of antimicrobials. Self-medication is now rampant in low and middle-income countries especially here in Uganda where antimicrobials especially antibiotics are accessed over the counter in pharmacies and drug shops without a prescription throughout the country.

 There are wide malpractices among professionals dealing with drugs despite the existing regulations and guidelines for prescriptions. The majority of the consumers and end users are not aware of the consequences of just taking antibiotics, taking low doses, not finishing the dose while dealing with conditions that have not been properly diagnosed.

There are a number of misuse practices with antibiotics that have not been well explored and discussed publicly like sharing of antibiotic doses among family members, use of antibiotics meant for human treatment in animals and vice versa.

In livestock practice, the situation is worse especially when antibiotics are used for disease prevention in feeds and water, a common practice in poultry farming.  These malpractices and misuses in using antimicrobials require urgent attention in all efforts to addressing antimicrobial resistance challenges’’ explained Prof. Mugisha. 

‘’We require massive campaigns to raise public awareness on the dangers and consequences of the inappropriate use of antibiotics and appropriate actions expected from every actor at different levels. The package of different actions to address antimicrobial resistance should be universal using one health approach’’ he recommended moving forward.

In his remarks to mark the overall Awareness event held at Nakasongola District, Mr. Musa Ssekamatte on behalf of the National One Health Platform (event organizers) welcomed participants to the event. He noted that the main purpose of the World Anti-Microbial Awareness Week is to increase awareness and understanding of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and promote best practice among the general public to reduce emergence and spread of drug-resistant pathogens.

Mr. Musa Ssekamatte giving his remarks.
Mr. Musa Ssekamatte giving his remarks.

Citing the WHO report, Mr. Sekamatte noted that AMR is one of the emerging public health challenges that if left unchecked will contribute to 10 million deaths per year.

To address this problem, Mr. Sekamatte revealed that a national one health platform was established to enable Uganda implement the National Action Plan against AMR. The National One Health Platform enables different sectors to work together in prevention, detection and control.

As part of the national action plan against AMR, He highlighted the following

  • Awareness
  • Surveillance
  • Training
  • Research

 In his remarks, Muyanja Elaad -the secretary for health and Education at Nakasongola representing the Resident District Commissioner thanked National One Health Platform for handpicking Nakasongola as a host District for this year’s AMR Awareness Celebrations. He noted that AMR is now a serious concern adding that AMR touches everyone thus need for a multi-sectoral approach. He called upon all participants to be patriotic by observing hygiene in human health and animals, proper eating habits.

Muyanja Elaad -the secretary for health and Education at Nakasongola  District.
Muyanja Elaad -the secretary for health and Education at Nakasongola District.

During the long week WAAW sessions, participants were introduced to some of the strategies to promote responsible uptake of antimicrobials and innovations and safe practices aimed at lowering uptake of antimicrobials in plants, animals and humans among others. The Awareness Week attracted notable government officials namely; Nsamba David-Nakasongola District Fisheries Officer, Uma Charles, the Chief Administrative Officer at Nakasongola and Nakamya Sarah –the Nakasongola District Production Officer among others. The day’s activity was coordinated by Dr. Ssekamatte of the One Health Platform . To read about how to prevent AMR visit: https://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/1330872/icode/

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