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Adaptation to climate variability among crop farmers in Nakaseke Sub-County, Nakaseke District, Uganda

An aerial photo of the Senate Building (Left), Social Sciences Building (Right), CTF1 (Mid Right), Lincoln Flats and CoCIS Blocks B and A (Centre), Makerere University and Pearl of Africa Hotel, Nakasero (Background), Kampala Uganda

Climate variability is one of the most serious environmental challenges impacting heavily on agriculture and crop farming in particular. Hence, this study sought to investigate the current nature of climate variability and its effects on crop farming, the various adaptation practices as well as farmers’ adaptive capacity in Nakaseke district. The study employed simple random sampling to select the final households for the study while purposive sampling was used to select Key Informants. Again, the questionnaire was used to collect quantitative data from 196 randomly selected respondents from the three parishes in the study area. In response, crop farmers have taken up a set of thirteen (13) adaptation practices. The three top most practices being; mulching the garden, regular spraying and adjusting planting dates. The study further found that farmers had a low capacity to adapt to the effects of climate variability which is mostly substantiated by inadequate land, insufficient knowledge and information, inadequate financial capacity, low levels of education, limited sources of water for irrigation among other constraints.

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Source: School of Social Sciences, College of Humanities and Social Sciences (CHUSS)

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