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Humanities & Social Sciences

CHUSS Annual Report 2021

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I congratulate all staff and students upon persevering the harsh academic year 2020/2021 that was disrupted by the COVID 19 lockdown. The world was shut down, lives lost and livelihoods disrupted including the disruption of the academic schedules in all institutions of learning. We thank God for his divine protection and bringing us this far. We convey our sympathies to the families that lost their dear ones and pray that you find solace in Him the Living God.

Although the academic schedules were disrupted, the college implemented the academic road map as guided by the University management and Government. This mainly involved adherence to the MoH Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs), training staff on online delivery modes, adoption of staggered face to face teaching and learning, and different modes of assessment in the face of the pandemic. We were therefore able to commence Semester II through online teaching and completed examinations for Semester I 2020/2021 for first years and continuing students.

Graduate program supervision, examination and defense continued online during the shutdown and resumed face to face after the lifting of the lock down. Over 2,300 students were admitted in the CHUSS while over 1,960 students were awarded degrees and diplomas in various disciplines during the Mak 71st graduation ceremony held on 17th- 21st, May 2021. Out of 108 Doctorates across all colleges , CHUSS presented 22 PHDs, the highest of all.

Further, the College was involved in restructuring of her programmes following standards set by the National Council for Higher education and the Quality Assurance and Gender committee of the University. A key milestone recorded in the year under review was the approval of three academic programmes (Master of Development Studies, Master of Strategic Studies and Master of Journalism and multimedia) by the Senate for onward submission to the National Council of Higher Education for accreditation.

Under our dissemination and knowledge transfer efforts, we organized over 20 public fora in which we disseminated research findings and shared knowledge in the field of Humanities and Social Sciences with different stakeholders including government, other universities, private sector, civil society organizations and our donors. Over 30 publications were recorded this year including a Dictionary on Ruruuli -Lunyara, a book on gender and the launch of the Mawazo Journal.

Our staff have continued to write grant winning proposals to attract funding to supplement the university resource envelop. Currently, the college runs over 20 grants. Part of the grants was used to refurbish an ordinary lecture room into a SMART ROOM that has tremendously improved the College’s response to the demands of the new normal for online meetings and lectures. In very specific way the smart room has ensured efficient support to PhD defense sessions where the college has registered increased participation of scholars from outside the country. This has further enriched the PHD defense processes.

In the area of Human resources, our staff have continued to rise in academic ranks. Over 15 staff were considered for appointments, promotion and confirmation during the Appointments Board meeting that was held in June 2021.

As CHUSS , we appreciate the Government of Uganda for the support extended to the University for Research and innovation. Special tribute is extended to our development partners for the enduring support to the college in different aspects of development –human capacity, infrastructure and research.

We thank Makerere University top management for the support accorded throughout the year and for providing a conducive environment that has enabled CHUSS to execute her mandate. We are committed to move on with our renewed vibrancy in research, teaching and learning and knowledge transfer as We Build for the Future.

Associate Prof. Josephine Ahikire
PRINCIPAL

Humanities & Social Sciences

CHUSS Researchers to Publish a Book on Teaching Humanities and Social Sciences at Makerere University

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Front Row (Left to Right): Dean School of Psychology-Dr. Martin Baluku, Prof. Julius Kiiza and Dean School of Liberal and Performing Arts-Dr. Pamela Khanakwa at the second Centre of Excellence in Research, Teaching and Learning (CERTL) pre-publication workshop on 27th November 2023. Fairway Hotel, Kampala Uganda, East Africa.

Researchers from Makerere University College of Humanities and Social Sciences (CHUSS) through its Centre of Excellence in Research, Teaching and Learning (CERTL) have conducted research in different aspects of teaching and learning  of Humanities and Social Sciences  at Makerere University.

With funding from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation in New York, the team is working on their data and gathering comments.

Director CERTL Prof. Andrew Ellias State making the welcome remarks. Makerere University Centre of Excellence in Research, Teaching and Learning (CERTL), College of Humanities and Social Sciences (CHUSS) pre-publication workshop, 27th November 2023, Fairway Hotel, Kampala Uganda, East Africa.
Director CERTL Prof. Andrew Ellias State making the welcome remarks.

The research will be compiled as manuscripts for  a new publication named, the  “CERTL Book,”

The CERTL Book is provisionally titled, “Teaching and Learning Humanities and Sciences at Makerere University: Challenges, experiences and innovations”.

On Monday 27th November 2023,CERTL  held its second pre-publication workshop to solicit comments and review the authors works that will constitute the CERTL Book.

The workshop held at Fairway Hotel in Kampala brought together over ten researchers, CERTL leadership  and CHUSS project Coordinators including Dr. Levis Mugumya who shared his experience on the process and challenges of a collected book and Dr. Pamela Khanakwa who shared the structure and citation for the CERTL book.

The function was also graced by representatives from Fountain publishers who guided on what the publishers want in a manuscript.

Speaking on the genesis, the Director CERTL, Prof. Andrew Elias State  said, the center looked at  the Vision and Mission of Makerere University to be  a Centre of Excellence for  Learning and Teaching.

Dr. Levis Mugumya sharing his writing experience. Makerere University Centre of Excellence in Research, Teaching and Learning (CERTL), College of Humanities and Social Sciences (CHUSS) pre-publication workshop, 27th November 2023, Fairway Hotel, Kampala Uganda, East Africa.
Dr. Levis Mugumya sharing his writing experience.

Prof. State however noted that, many courses in the Humanities and Social Sciences were affected by  the policies implemented earlier on by the Government of Uganda and  global forces such as liberalization.

The Director acknowledged that in the event of the structural adjustments, governments and institutions either over- liberalized or did not consider issues that came with liberalization.

“The center was established to explore and develop mechanisms of strengthening and promoting teaching and learning in Humanities and Social Sciences. As a center, we were given grants for which we must have outputs and, in one of the MoUs, we agreed to have a minimum of two publications and the CERTL book is one of them”, He said

He explained that researchers were given fellowship grants to conduct the research. He expressed happiness that researchers had progressed well with research works which will later be published. He stressed the need for researchers to observe deadlines in order to be part of this CERTL Publication.

The CHUSS Projects Coordinator Dr. Edgar Fred Nabutanyi said, researchers are expected to submit their draft papers by 12th January 2024.

Nabutanyi implored researchers to look at the comments received and work with the data they have and send the draft for further improvement.

CHUSS Projects Coordinator Dr. Edgar Fred Nabutanyi giving the way forward. Makerere University Centre of Excellence in Research, Teaching and Learning (CERTL), College of Humanities and Social Sciences (CHUSS) pre-publication workshop, 27th November 2023, Fairway Hotel, Kampala Uganda, East Africa.
CHUSS Projects Coordinator Dr. Edgar Fred Nabutanyi giving the way forward.

“Because of the time constraint we intend to make this an intensive hands on peer review. The center got commitment from for senior editors who will come and workshop your papers on 7th February 2024.

 When you submit your paper, we shall pair you with an editor, who will read your paper and give you personal comments and after that, we shall have just one more review”, Nabutanyi explained.

Within a week, Dr. Nabutanyi pledged that the center will be working on the citations and the tentative structure on how the chapters will look to have a tangible product.

Authors and research topics for the CERTL Book

Authors presented their research findings that will form book chapters. They include:

  1. Dr. Sarah Nakijoba K –  The Art of Academic writing to undergraduate students: Voices from students and mentors.
  2. Dr. Peace  Musiimenta –  Documenting existing  transformative pedagogies with potential to disrupt relations of dominance in gender studies at Makerere University.
  3. Dr. James Mangeni Wasike –   You will be around but hardly learning, “Visually impaired students’ experience of e-learning at Makerere University.
  4. Dr. Julius Niringiyimana –  Think Pair Share(TPS) as cooperative learning strategy in large classes: Contextualizing political science class at Makerere University.
  5. Mr. Eric Jjemba – Musical connotation as a conduit for ethnic dance teaching and learning transformation in a university classroom
  6. Prof. Julius Kiiza –  Does Digitised teaching deliver its promise? A readiness assessment of BASS program at Makerere University.
  7. Dr. Nkonge Kiyinikibi – Using the blended learning approach to teach and learn Luganda (BLATALL) at Makerere University.
  8. Dr. Nicholas Mugabi – An integrated blended field experiential learning approach: Opportunities and challenges amidst CoVID 19 disruption at Makerere University.
  9. Dr. Isaac Tibasiima and Dr. Ceasor Jjingo – Writing centres as avenues for meeting students’ academic writing needs and challenges at the College of Humanities and Social Sciences, Makerere University.
  10. Dr. Boaz Mutungi: – Enhancing second language oral expression; Interventions for Kiswahili for Beginners program at Makerere University.

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Humanities & Social Sciences

Anthems of the World Concert for the United Nations Day, 2023, in Uganda

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UN Diplomats, Ambassadors, Makerere University and the Makorale Choir pose for a group photo. Anthems of the World Concert, 31st October 2023, Yusuf Lule Central Teaching Facility Auditorium, Makerere University, Kampala Uganda, East Africa.

Preamble

The “Anthems of the World” concert was a choral music presentation that featured national anthems of selected countries of the world in commemoration of the 2023 United Nations Day celebrations in Uganda. This concert aimed to explore connections between music and nationalism as embodied in the national anthems of different countries of the world. In line with this year’s United Nations theme: “Home and Belonging,” the concert aimed to help the public build mental images of their respective home experiences and shared values of sovereignty through the singing of select national anthems in their respective native or official languages. Ultimately, the purpose of the concert was to further contribute to the public’s appreciation of the global cultural diversity, respect and understanding for one another, and to the enhancement of the world’s social harmony and universal peace, as emphasized in the United Nations Charter. The repertoire list comprised of 24 national anthems representing countries from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe, the UN Hymn and the Makerere University anthem.

The performance procedure for the Anthems of the World concert was participatory in nature, involving the choir and the audience for the various roles of the performance. For clarity purposes, the anthems in this concert were not used in their traditional sense of performing a political function, but rather, as pieces of a country’s heritage for purposes of sharing a bit of that heritage with the public. Therefore, it was not mandatory for people to remain standing while all national anthems were being sung. Each national anthem was introduced by a national (mostly Ambassadors) by providing the inspiration behind it and a brief about the country. All nationals and associates of that country were invited to stand while the choir sung their national anthem, and thereafter, everyone celebrated that nation.

Remarks

Dr. Milton Wabyona, Convener and Choir Director

In his introductory remarks, Dr. Wabyona, referred to the notion that national anthems are compact summaries of a country at its people. He thus posited that through the singing of these anthems, we are more likely to know more about others, and more likely to understand others, hence the more likelihood to appreciate and respect others. Music provides us with an honest and universal medium of communication for all of us.

Dr. Wabyona made reference to a line in the UN Hymn: “Let music for peace be the paradigm,” as support of the ideology of music as a medium of peace for humans. He believed that through this concert, each one of us will have a little knowledge and understanding of the other, which is a sure way towards the world’s social harmony and to fostering of genuine universal peace. This is the same ideal that inspired the formation of the Makorale Choir. The Makorale, is a Makerere University community ensemble comprised of current and former students of Makerere University, faculty and other members of the university community. The overall goal of the ensemble is to harness the vast benefits of music in shaping a peaceful society and cultivating education opportunities in the performing arts for students.

Dr. Pamela Khanakwa, Dean – School of Liberal and Performing Arts (Representing the Vice Chancellor, Makerere University)

Dr. Pamela Khanakwa welcomed everyone to Makerere University. She expressed how proud Makerere was in hosting this prestigious United Nations Day celebration on the 78th anniversary of the UN formation. Dr. Khanakwa recalled that in her early years of school, the UN seemed a distant and an abstract concept but as we grew, we got to realize that we are part of the United Nations. She reiterated the core mission of the UN as about humanity, peace and unity.

Dr. Pamela Khanakwa (Right) receives the UN Resident Coordinator, Ms. Susan Ngongi Namondo, to the Anthems of the World Stage on 31st October 2023. Anthems of the World Concert, Yusuf Lule Central Teaching Facility Auditorium, Makerere University, Kampala Uganda, East Africa.
Dr. Pamela Khanakwa (Right) receives the UN Resident Coordinator, Ms. Susan Ngongi Namondo, to the Anthems of the World Stage on 31st October 2023.

Dr. Khanakwa was touched by the UN theme of “Home and Belonging,” which she said speaks deeply to our hearts. And here at Makerere we feel as small United Nations of sorts because of the diversity of our staff, students and the multiple collaborations that we have, she added. As a university, we tow in the same line with the ideals of the UN, because Makerere is home to many students from different countries, both neighboring and beyond. Our curriculum is not only about teaching and research, but we’re also actively engaged in initiatives that promote peace. In the College of Humanities and Social Sciences, we have a department of Religion and Peace Studies. Makerere University also hosts a prestigious Rotary Peace Center, which is highly recognized around the world, and is involved in training different scholars from around the world in peace initiatives. Makerere also provides space for national, regional and international dialogues that champion the cause of peace in the world.

In regard to the day’s main activity, Dr. Khanakwa spoke passionately about anthems as part of our heritage and inspiration as a people. “There is a way we feel when we listen to anthems.” She drew from her personal experience of how she felt when she heard the Ugandan national anthem sung while she was in United States. She reaffirmed that anthems give us a sense of belonging and our identity. Dr. Khankwa concluded by thanking the UN Uganda office for supporting this event, Makerere University Innovation Hub for hosting, the Makorale choir and Dr. Milton Wabyona for making CHUSS and Makerere proud. She looked forward to listening to different national anthems of different countries and hoped the experience would help us reflect on the power of music, the power of unity and how these anthems promote nationalism and humanity.

Ms. Susan Ngongi Namondo: UN Resident Coordinator, Uganda Office

Ms. Susan acknowledged their Excellency, the Ambassadors and Heads of the various Diplomatic missions present. She thanked Makerere University, Dr. Pamela Khanakwa, representing the Vice Chancellor, Prof. Barnabas Nawangwe and the general Makerere University staff and the students for hosting the concert. The Anthems of the World concert at Makerere University was organized in celebration the 78th anniversary of the UN Charter’s entry into force in 1945. Ms. Susan commended the Makorale – a Makerere University community choir for putting together this incredible musical show piece, which further underlined Makerere’s leadership in various spheres.

The UN Resident Coordinator made reference national anthems described as compact summaries of a country’s heritage, history, struggles, and aspirations. She posited that the Anthems of the World Concert aimed to offer a glimpse into each other’s cherished heritage, fostering a sense of interconnectedness. She hoped that, beyond enjoying the musical performance, attendees would reaffirm their commitment to sustainable development goals, addressing global challenges such as pandemics, climate change, and economic issues. The importance of recognizing a shared humanity and interconnectedness, as much as she encouraged efforts towards a safer, greener, and more sustainable Uganda and world. Ms. Susan concluded by encouraging students to learn more about the United Nations and contribute to its development.

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Humanities & Social Sciences

President Museveni underscores political & economic integration as permanent cure for Africa’s marginalization

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Seated: Rt. Hon. Ruhakana Rugunda (4th R), H.E. Mr. Lucas Mayanga (4th L), H.E. Lulu Xingwana (3rd L), H.E. Rtd. Col. Fred Mwesigye (2nd L), Rt. Hon. Daniel Fred Kidega (L), Hon. Tarsis Kabwegyere (R), Dr. James Nkata (3rd R), Dr. Nansozi K. Muwanga (2nd R) and other officials (Standing) at the Julius Nyerere Symposium on 14th October 2023. Yusuf Lule Central Teaching Facility Auditorium, Makerere University, Kampala Uganda.

The President of the Republic of Uganda, His Excellency Yoweri Kaguta Museveni has emphasized the need for African countries to strengthen both political and economic integration as a permanent cure of Africa’s weaknesses and marginalization around the world.  In a speech read by the former Prime Minister of Uganda, Rt. Hon. Dr. Ruhakana Rugunda on 14th October 2023 at the Annual Mwalimu Julius Nyerere Symposium, the President said that Africa must cure herself of the victim mentality and take the initiative of shaping her own destiny.

“We have an unprecedented advantage of a market of 1.3 billion people. This is a formidable treasure in our hands, it has the potential of not only making us richer, but also earning us respect in the world as a power to reckon with,” he noted.

Reflecting on the times when NRM captured power in 1986, President Museveni said that Uganda’s population by then was a paltry 15 million people and the East Africa Community which would have compensated for Uganda’s small market had been brought to its knees. He was however, happy that the NRM government did not waste time in working with Tanzania and Kenya to revive the East Africa Community.  To him, the concerted efforts paid off in 1999 when the original members of Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania signed the treaty which re-established the East African Community.  The community has since grown with the addition of Rwanda, Burundi, South Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Prime Minister Emeritus of Uganda, Rt. Hon. Dr. Ruhakana Rugunda represented His Excellency Yoweri Kaguta Museveni at the Symposium.
Prime Minister Emeritus of Uganda, Rt. Hon. Dr. Ruhakana Rugunda represented His Excellency Yoweri Kaguta Museveni at the Symposium.

He acknowledged the regional blocks such as Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), East Africa Community (EAC) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC) for increasing the volume of trade among African countries. And with the signing and ratification by individual member states of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), the President was happy that Africa now boasts of the largest free trade area in the world.

“It must be remembered that Africa was forcefully integrated into the world economy as a source of cheap labour and raw materials for western industries. Africa has donated enough wealth to the rest of the world. It is time to cut off the proboscises of parasites, whose wealth has been sucked from our mines, soils, forests and lakes,” he said.

“Our chief interest should be on securing the survival and prosperity of our children and their children. There is no better guarantee for their future than working towards the political and economic integration of Africa. For the first time, we have the opportunity of safeguarding our great human and natural resources under the African supernatural government. The African leaders, therefore need to work hard so as not share the fate of the pre-colonial tribal chiefs that let down their people,” he added.

Her Excellency Lulu Xingwana, South African High Commissioner to Uganda contributes to the discussion. Yusuf Lule Central Teaching Facility Auditorium, Makerere University, Kampala Uganda.
Her Excellency Lulu Xingwana, South African High Commissioner to Uganda contributes to the discussion.

President Museveni saluted the contribution of Mwalimu Julius Nyerere to the liberation of Africa and urged young people to carry on Mwalimu’s vision of a strong and united Africa.  To him, every year, he eagerly looks forward to this day, that was set aside to commemorate the life and legacy of Mwalimu Julius Nyerere. He was happy that Uganda joins Tanzania and the rest of the entire African continent to celebrate an African hero.  “As we celebrate this day, it is important to remind ourselves of the unfinished work, which Mwalimu pioneered, and carry it forward to its logical conclusion. This will be the most befitting tribute to his great legacy,” he emphasized.

According to him, Mwalimu Nyerere was a true champion of African freedom and liberation. Mwalimu Nyerere unlike most of the African nationalist fighters, espoused the idea that attainment of independence, by the respective African countries, was not an end in itself. His true legacy lies in the fact that he, first and fore most supported liberation struggles to break the shackle colonialism and neo-colonialism, which had unfairly parceled the powers.

The Deputy Chairperson of Council, Rt. Hon. Daniel Fred Kidega contributes to the discussion. Yusuf Lule Central Teaching Facility Auditorium, Makerere University, Kampala Uganda.
The Deputy Chairperson of Council, Rt. Hon. Daniel Fred Kidega contributes to the discussion.

Additionally, Mwalimu Nyerere recognized the urgency of uniting the small independent African states to create for the first time Africa’s Centre of Gravity. He rejected the notion of arrivalism, which gripped the ruling elites once they took over the 53 colonies that the imperialists had organized for easy exploitation. “They imagined that they had arrived and the idea of Pan-Africanism was thrown out of the window.  Mwalimu’s commitment to the goal of Pan-Africanism was demonstrated through the unification of Tanganyika and Zanzibar to create the United Republic of Tanzania. He was equally committed to the formation of the East Africa Federation,” said the President.

Every year the Julius Nyerere Leadership Centre in conjunction with its co-promoters, Makerere University and Uganda Management Institute organizes a symposium to honor and celebrate the legacy of Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere.  The Annual Symposium which brings together students, academics, researchers, business people, experts and political thought leaders from across the African region provides a platform for them to reflect on how to regenerate and keep alive the powerful efforts of Mwalimu Julius Nyerere on Pan-Africanism.

The Principal of the College of Humanities and Social Sciences (CHUSS) Prof. Josephine Ahikire represented the Vice Chancellor Prof Barnabas Nawangwe. Yusuf Lule Central Teaching Facility Auditorium, Makerere University, Kampala Uganda.
The Principal of the College of Humanities and Social Sciences (CHUSS) Prof. Josephine Ahikire represented the Vice Chancellor Prof Barnabas Nawangwe.

Representing the Makerere University Vice Chancellor Prof Barnabas Nawangwe, the Principal of the College of Humanities and Social Sciences Prof. Josephine Ahikire noted that the Mwalimu Julius Nyerere Annual Symposium provides a wider platform to deliberate and conduct powerful discussions on the challenges and opportunities faced by East Africa and Africa at large.

According to the Vice Chancellor, the Mwalimu Julius Nyerere Annual Symposium 2023 that was held on 13th – 14th October 2023 created space for participants to envision and interrogate the challenges, opportunities and strategies needed to foster collaborations and unity in pursuit of shared prosperity under the theme: Building a Borderless East Africa: Championing Unity, Youth Employment, culture and Climate Resilience.

The Chairperson, Board of Directors of the Julius Nyerere Leadership Centre (JNLC) Dr. Mulindwa Kasozi Saturninus also noted that the rich conversations were built on the success of the 2022 Nyerere @100 Symposium that put the youth at the fore front of the debates and proposals on development.

The Chairperson, Board of Directors of the Julius Nyerere Leadership Centre (JNLC), Dr. Mulindwa Kasozi Saturninus addresses the Symposium. Yusuf Lule Central Teaching Facility Auditorium, Makerere University, Kampala Uganda.
The Chairperson, Board of Directors of the Julius Nyerere Leadership Centre (JNLC), Dr. Mulindwa Kasozi Saturninus addresses the Symposium.

Ms. Stella Agara, a renowned governance and youth development specialist was the Keynote Speaker on the theme; Building a Borderless East Africa: Championing Unity, Youth Employment, culture and Climate Resilience. She reflected on some of the strong and memorable words of Mwalimu Julius Nyerere, “without Unity there is no future for Africa.” According to Ms. Stella Agara such words call for African countries to deepen and widen regional integration with a greater focus on prioritizing regional freedom of movement.

She questioned the essence of a borderless East Africa when some countries like Burundi and South Sudan still face hiking costs of Air tickets when accessing other countries within the region?  She questioned the idea of a borderless East Africa when African nationals are still considered “aliens” in the respective African countries and students still face long process of residential identifications to access education within the region. Furthermore, it is still difficult for African nationals to acquire a residence or work permit in most of the African countries. 

Prof. Josephine Ahikire (Left) with panelists during the session. Yusuf Lule Central Teaching Facility Auditorium, Makerere University, Kampala Uganda.
Prof. Josephine Ahikire (Left) with panelists during the session.

Ms. Stella Agara said that “the only way I am able to work in Tanzania is when I access a business permit at USD 100 and in the event I happen to fly out of the Tanzania before the expected exit date, I have to buy another one on return.” 

She noted that traditionally, Africans were great at hosting strangers and it is this African culture of hospitality that our society demands today. She was puzzled by the fact that Africans can refer to fellow Africans as foreigners on the African land. To her, the sentiments that fellow Africans are flowing into different African countries as foreigners to take up jobs meant for nationals still stands with disbelief.

“As a region, we need to accept the fact that we need each other since each one of us is more endowed than the other in certain areas. We need to appreciate the fact that we are all members and citizens of this continent. We are citizens of the East African community and we cannot be foreigners on our soil. Young people now are more courageous about trips and taking opportunities across borders, therefore, there is much more room for integration,” she said.

Looking at some of the frameworks that have been put in place to foster a borderless Africa, Ms. Agara acknowledged the Revised Migration Policy Framework of the African Union and its Planning Action adopted in 2018. The Framework reflects on the migration dynamics in Africa and guides African Union member states and regional communities on the management of migrants. It further provides binding legal frameworks upon which member states link their migration policies to development needs and protection of migrants’ rights.

Ms. Stella Agara delivering the keynote address. Yusuf Lule Central Teaching Facility Auditorium, Makerere University, Kampala Uganda.
Ms. Stella Agara delivering the keynote address.

“This policy was however developed with a lot of thinking inclined towards addressing challenges of African young people who are dying on seas trying to access Europe. The AU has engaged in conversations to develop the African Continental Free Trade Agreement which speaks about the single passport, opportunities across borders, movement of services and goods and this brings quite great opportunities for managing migration but also collapsing our borders to create space,” she stressed.

She however highlighted the responsibility of the East Africa Community to cascade some of these policy frameworks and actions down to the East African Region noting that the East Africa Community has worked fast towards a Customs Union and common market protocol to create space and opportunities and making it easier for business carried across borders.

Ms. Agara called upon African countries to address extensively the issues of poverty and corruption that have created very strange differences when it comes to borderless movements within the region. In the same spirit, she urged them to break the barriers of strict cultures, behaviors and manners that create a rift to regional integration. She also encouraged African countries to appreciate the gendered face of borderlessness.

Dr. James Nkata, the Director General of Uganda Management Institute (UMI) makes his remarks. Yusuf Lule Central Teaching Facility Auditorium, Makerere University, Kampala Uganda.
Dr. James Nkata, the Director General of Uganda Management Institute (UMI) makes his remarks.

“Our borderlessness is going to promote conversations on climate change and also create opportunities to address the climate crises in solidarity. Young people today unlike our predecessors, have more international friends, spaces and people that they have not actually met by virtue of the fact that they control the digital space. This power from the youth can be harnessed for positive purposes or end up affecting how we view issues that we need to address today,” she said.

According to Ms. Agara, climate conversations are more narrative based and depend on who is controlling that narrative. Africa has done quite a lot of work and the leaders have actually developed a framework of how the Africa Union is going to approach the climate crisis. They have adopted the adaptation as the main mechanism through which countries should address the climate crisis and this is extremely important to the continent because it is being pushing towards resilience and tolerance.

“Africa has not contributed much to the carbon emission conversations, yet we are now being asked to stop mining oil, gold among other mineral resources and we are saying if we are to stop doing so, there is a conversation we must drive, it is impossible for us to engage in conversations without having addressed cross border relations,” she said.

The Keynote speaker called upon African countries to reflect on how they can replicate the Doom’s Day Seed Vault noting that the relevance of preserving African seeds on the African continent should be prioritized.

Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere

Julius Kambarage Nyerere was born on April 13th 1922 in Butiama on the eastern shores of Lake Victoria in North Western Tanganyika. His father was the chief of the small Zanaki tribe. He was 12 years before he started school (he had to walk 26 miles to Musoma to do so). Later he was transferred for his secondary education to Tabora Government Secondary School. His intelligence was quickly recognized by the Roman Catholic Fathers and with their support, he trained as a teacher at Makerere University in Kampala-Uganda.  On gaining his certificate, he taught for three years and then went on a government scholarship to study history and political economy for his Masters of Arts at University of Edinburgh. He was the first Tanzanian to study at a British university.

In Edinburgh, partly through his encounter with Fabian thinking, Nyerere began to develop his particular vision of connecting socialism with African communal living.  On his return to Tanganyika, Nyerere worked towards bringing a number of different nationalist factions into one grouping and he achieved this in 1954 with the formation of TANU (the Tanganyika Africa Union). He became the President of the Union and joined the Legislative Council in 1958. He became the Chief Minister in 1960. A year later Tanganyika was granted internal self-governance and Nyerere became Premier.  Full independence was attained in December 1961 and he was elected President in 1962.

Uganda’s High Commissioner to the Republic of Tanzania H.E., Rtd. Col. Fred Mwesigye (Left) and Dr. Nansozi K. Muwanga, the Executive Director of JNLC at the Public Lecture. Yusuf Lule Central Teaching Facility Auditorium, Makerere University, Kampala Uganda.
Uganda’s High Commissioner to the Republic of Tanzania H.E., Rtd. Col. Fred Mwesigye (Left) and Dr. Nansozi K. Muwanga, the Executive Director of JNLC at the Public Lecture.

When paying tribute to his legacy Uganda’s High commissioner to the Republic of Tanzania H.E., Rtd. Col. Fred Mwesigye described Mwalimu Julius Nyerere as a civilized, considerate and courteous person. Mwalimu Nyerere was persuasive, kind and empathetic

 “He was a teacher, who was able to simplify complex issues; a peacemaker and a peace builder. He had the capacity to persevere and he was a consensus builder. He appreciated different opinions and he was studious, he had enormous capacity to debate, he was a Pan-Africanist and yearned for a federated East Africa,” he said.

According to the acting High Commissioner of the United Republic of Tanzania to Uganda, H.E. Mr. Lucas Mayanga, the Charge d’Affairs, Mwalimu Nyerere’s idea of Pan-Africanism was gradual whereby he stressed the significance of nation building and regional integration before continental unity. To promote his idea, he was willing to delay the independence of Tanganyika in order to enable by then Tanganyika, Uganda and Kenya achieve their independence together as a single federal state.

The Charge d’Affaires and Acting High Commissioner of the United Republic of Tanzania to Uganda, H.E. Mr. Lucas Mayanga delivers his speech. Yusuf Lule Central Teaching Facility Auditorium, Makerere University, Kampala Uganda.
The Charge d’Affaires and Acting High Commissioner of the United Republic of Tanzania to Uganda, H.E. Mr. Lucas Mayanga delivers his speech.

“While he fell short of realizing this vision, he united Tanganyika and Zanzibar to form the United Republic of Tanzania shortly after the independence of these two countries. This Union remains until today. It is in this regard that we welcome today’s Symposium theme of Building a Borderless East Africa Region,” the Commissioner stated.

The Julius Nyerere Leadership Centre (JNLC)

In 2018, the President of the Republic of Uganda advocated for and supported the establishment of the Julius Nyerere Leadership Centre as a Presidential Initiative.  Hosted by Makerere University and Uganda Management Institute, the Centre is responsible for inter-generational dialogues on African history and study and conducting research on Africa revolutionary movements.

On October 6th 2018, President Museveni established the Julius Nyerere Leadership Centre (JNLC), at Makerere University, as a Presidential initiative. Co-promoted by Makerere University and Uganda Management Institute, the Centre was to provide leadership skills, training and mentorship to young people. Specifically, it was to conduct Leadership training of a new and emerging generation of African leaders; to foster Cross-generational dialogue and conversations on African history and revolutionary movements in order to align needs and plans for the future as one; and to conduct Policy leading Research that aspires to close that gap between academia and practical policies.   

Dr. Nansozi K. Muwanga, the Executive Director of JNLC reveals that since it was established five years ago, the Centre has strived to fulfil these ambitious objectives and also to put students at the center of its activities as an important part of JNLC’s mission and vision.The Centre has thus provided trainings and mentorship sessions to young people on selfless leadership as part of historical and political perspectives of the African continent.

Dr. Nansozi K. Muwanga, the Executive Director of JNLC delivers her remarks. Yusuf Lule Central Teaching Facility Auditorium, Makerere University, Kampala Uganda.
Dr. Nansozi K. Muwanga, the Executive Director of JNLC delivers her remarks.

In addition to customized leadership training, the Centre also holds regular cross-generational fireside (Ekyooto) conversations on unity and Pan-Africanism as well as supporting student leaders to attend regional conferences, student debates on issues that affect them, national and regional development. To illustrate its commitment to Mwalimu Nyerere’s legacy and unity agenda, the Centre, with the support of the Language Department, has developed a Basic Kiswahili course to be implemented alongside its leadership training. Dr. Muwanga says that “these activities provide students with important eye-opening experiences, exposure and skills, which the recent drastic 80% budget cuts of the JNLC’s funding undermine. Muwanga says that these budget cuts notwithstanding the JNLC as a Presidential initiative has gained traction among students and Makerere University management. The JNLC’s leadership training has been endorsed by Makerere University Council that has made it mandatory for all those aspiring for leadership positions. Furthermore, “the Centre’s relevance is in ensuring it responds to students’ needs as it evolves to take into account emerging national and geopolitical issues whilst staying true to the legacy and aspirations of Mwalimu Nyerere.”

She acknowledged the support and contribution of long standing partners including the President of Uganda who is the Patron for his tremendous support towards the creation of the Centre; Makerere University and Uganda Management Institute for their steadfast financial and logistical support; the High Commission of the Republic of Tanzania to Uganda; Konrad Adenauer Stiftung (KAS); NBS and Afro Mobile; Simba Telecom; United Nations Development Programme; the Tanzania Community in Uganda; the Private Education  Development Network; Future Generation Trust; aBi Development among others.

In the same spirit, she appreciated the Board of Directors of the Julius Nyerere Leadership Centre chaired by Dr. Kasozi Mulindwa for the invaluable support and constructive guidance. “To the staff of Julius Nyerere Leadership Centre, I thank you very much for your hard work and your consistent and committed efforts.” 

Article by: Mak Public Relations Office and JNLC

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