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A-Level History Literature Divinity performance can predict Law CGPA



As part of the programme to nurture the next generation of academics, the Office of the Deputy Vice Chancellor, Academic Affairs (DVCAA) held the 11th PhD Dissemination series on 14th March 2014. The topic of the day “Do UNEB results predict competencies required to excel academically in Law School?” promised a good intellectual debate and indeed drew stakeholders from the Uganda National Examinations Board (UNEB), Office of the Academic Registrar, Makerere University as well as Staff, Students and members of the general public.

In his opening remarks, the Principal, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (CAES) Prof. Bernard Bashaasha who represented the DVCAA Dr. Ernest Okello Ogwang, welcomed participants and stressed the importance of PhD Dissemination series as an avenue for breaking down complex research findings and formulae into understandable facts that the public can take home. He commended the day’s Presenter Dr. Robert Wamala for once again offering to disseminate his research.

To kick start his presentation, Dr. Wamala first of all clarified that the day’s presentation was not derived from his PhD thesis but rather from the combined work of several researchers and Masters Students. He further emphasized that his mission was not to give a yes or no answer to the question posed by the day’s topic but to present the facts for all present to digest. He noted that as a researcher, he was triggered by the 2011 findings of the School of Law that showed some candidates who had excelled with over 24 points at Advanced Level (A-Level) were not faring equally as well when it came to the more rigorous Law courses hence the introduction of the pre-entry examination.

Prof. Bernard Bashaasha, Principal-CAES represented the DVCAA“Looking at the mean entry points for Law showed that all these students qualified competently. But the question that remained was that were these students competent for Law? About 65% of enrollees did not do Literature while only 15% did not do History. The findings showed that those who did Literature, History and Divinity at A-Level had a higher Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) at graduation than those who did not,” observed Dr. Wamala in emphasis of the relevance of certain subjects as a precondition for excellence in Law School. He however noted a surprising reverse trend for students that came in with an A in Economics as the findings showed that they ended up with lower CGPAs compared to those who did not do it at A-Level.

He further noted that “Students on the Government entry scheme had a higher CGPA than those on private. The weighted score was highest among Government students, second highest among private day and lowest among the evening class. Results also showed that students in the 2006/7 cohort got lower CGPAs compared to those in the 2005/6 one. The question that arises then is; could it be that students in the later cohorts are increasingly taking on A-Level subjects that they can easily pass rather than those they require to excel academically in Law?” pondered Dr. Wamala.

As Dr. Wamala continued to share his findings, a question that gradually begged to be answered was that should we continue to use any best done of any A-Level subjects as the essential for Law School applicants? He then took time to also evaluate the 2012/13 cohorts that were admitted to Law School on the basis of the pre-entry exam unlike the previous examples which featured admission based on higher grades obtained at A-Level in any of the best done subjects. “When we assessed the students that came in on the basis of grades, the majority were female but when it came to those admitted on the basis of the pre-entry exam, the majority were male. Additionally, majority of those admitted on the basis of pre-entry had scored Bs unlike the previous case where majority of those admitted on the basis of grades had As,” shared Dr. Wamala in yet another interesting statistic.

Dr. Severio Pido, Head-Research and Data, UNEB was the day's discussantFurther examining the findings, he also noted that Ugandan students performed better in the pre-entry exam than their International counterparts while those with Bachelors degrees performed better than Mature Age, Diploma or Certificate holders in the same assessment. He however noted that the subjects taken at A-Level in no way predicted what students eventually scored in the pre-entry but surprisingly, those who did not do Literature at A-Level had higher scores in the pre-entry exam than those who did. From all these findings, Dr. Wamala had this to summarily share.

“Pre-entry exams are not meant to assess academic ability. They are meant to assess the mental or reasoning ability as applied to Law and so getting something statistically insignificant should not be a surprise. Similarly a comparison with complete first year results shows that pre-entry exam results in no way determine CGPA. The outcome of the pre-entry exams does not predict the competences required to excel academically in Law School although there are other factors it predicts,” concluded Dr. Wamala.

The topic discussant Dr. Saverio Pido-Head, Department of Research and Data, UNEB commended the researchers for indeed statistically proving that subject combinations like History, Literature in English and Divinity were indeed good predictors of academic excellence in Law School. “To me, these research findings suggest that pre-entry exams may not be the right tool to use as the sole basis for admission on the Law programme. On the other end, the A-Level results seem to predict the academic achievement as well as the competence required in Law,” Dr. Pido noted.

He also strongly agreed with the recommendation that History, Literature and Divinity should perhaps be used as essential subjects for selection and admission to Law School and therefore requested the School of Law and the University Senate to take this recommendation very seriously and revisit the decision use the pre-entry exam as the sole procedure for Law admissions.

Dr. Bruno Ocaya-CoBAMS contributed to the ResearchDr. Pido further shared that preliminary evidence from independent research undertaken by UNEB revealed that “There was a positive correlation between A-Level and predicting academic excellence at Law School, and that the University of Dar es Salaam that pioneered pre-entry exams has also dropped the scheme in favour of A-Level results.” He underscored the need to conduct further research in the process of training Law enrollees, as the findings so far had only investigated the input (A-Level results) and output (CGPA).

Quoting a famous Educator and Assessor Dr. Pido said “’Schools should not only provide opportunities for students to learn but should also ensure that the students take the opportunities and learn’ in other words, whatever inputs you have are supposed go through that process so that you mould them into what you want. We need the Ministry of Education and Sports (MoES) to come in as well especially on curriculum. What are we doing with these students in Secondary Schools?” he wondered. He concluded by agreeing that he found the research very useful and relevant to UNEB, MoES, National Curriculum Development Centre (NCDC), Makerere University and the School of Law.

In the reactions that followed from the audience, participants however cautioned stakeholders not to use the findings based on only one cohort of the pre-entry exam to make conclusive decisions about their efficiency. Contributions further emphasized the need to come up with a pre-entry exam that gauged applicants with the aim of admitting a student who would become a well-rounded professional at the end of the day. Commentators further stressed the need for the University to ensure that appropriate checks and balances are put in place to guarantee that the pre-entry exam gives valid and reliable results.

Dr. Atuhaire Leonard, Dean-School of Statistics and Planning, CoBAMS chaired the discussionOther comments that came in from students of statistics thanked Dr. Wamala for ably demonstrating how they could apply the various formulae and theories they learn in class to validate the data that is daily being accumulated by society, thereby helping communities to make informed decisions. The tables however turned on the National Board when commentators noted the issue of examination leakages and also stressed that the only reason why Universities needed pre-entry exams was due to the facts that the A-Level students were not performing as excellently at University as they did at Secondary level. In defence of UNEB Dr. Pido stressed that the Board had put in place several restrictions to reduce examination leakages to almost non-existence and challenged those with evidence to bring it forward. He however admitted that there were still some forms of exam malpractice recorded, which were not only unique to UNEB but also common at other Institutions.

More officials from UNEB present further elucidated on negative correlations on performance in pre-entry exams attributed to subjects like History. They noted that this could be due to a growing trend by A-Level candidates to opt for those papers that were easier to pass hence gunning for grades rather than competencies that would build a good foundation for the studying Law. They therefore requested future researchers to further examine the relationship between any reported negative correlations and the History paper sat for. Other members of the audience further stressed the need to have well-trained teachers at all levels who would then equip students to become good candidates for professional shaping by Universities. The gap in facilitation between rural and urban schools was also noted as great contributor to the differences in quality of candidates eventually admitted to Higher Education Institutions.

Prof. James Ntozi-CoBAMS contributed as a member of the audienceThe Chairperson of the day’s session and Dean-School of Statistics and Planning, College of Business and Management Sciences (CoBAMS) Dr. Atuhaire Leonard commended the former DVCAA Prof. Lillian Tibatemwa-Ekirikubinza for initiating the PhD dissemination series. “Quite a lot of research is being done in this University but not many of us get to learn what our peers are doing because we tend to publish in specialized journals,” he noted. He therefore commended the current DVCAA for carrying on the good tradition of according researchers a dissemination forum.

Regarding the day’s topic, Dr. Atuhaire noted that “it would be interesting to find out how competencies required for all other different programmes in the University do predict performance once students have been admitted. This research is something that can be replicated across other programmes and we look forward to this.” He concluded the day’s proceedings by thanking the Presenter, audience, discussant-Dr. Pido and other officials from UNEB for contributing to the topic.


Article by Public Relations Office

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Makerere University Hospital iTECH Project Positions: Data Manager, Data Officer & Study Nurse



One of the buildings at the Makerere University Hospital that houses the Temporal Bone Laboratory. Kampala Uganda. East Africa.

Makerere University Hospital seeks to recruit suitable candidates for the following positions; Data Manager, Data Officer and a Study nurse. Makerere University Hospital received funding from Wellcome Leap, In Utero Program to support implementation of the “Stillbirth in High Burden Settings: Ample Room for Improvement Using Biomarkers and Ultrasound Technologies” (iTECH) project. The iTECH project aims to develop novel clinical tools for use to diagnose and manage high-risk pregnant women and reduce the burden of stillbirths in Uganda, sub-Saharan Africa, and globally.

Available Position: Data Manager (01)

Duty Station: Kampala
Engagement: Full Time
Reporting to: Project Manager

Job Summary:

The Data Manager will oversee the development and implementation of strong data management. He/she will implement efficient ways to collate, organize, store and analyze data with attention to security and confidentiality.

Key Duties and Responsibilities:

  • Participate in the creation and enforcement of policies and guidelines for effective data management.
  • Alongside the QA and QC manager, facilitate site level data quality assessment, auditing and verification for improvement.
  • Participate in the collection, cleaning, validation and maintenance of high-quality research data.
  • Use a variety of advanced statistical software, methods, and techniques to gather, analyze, and interpret research data to derive useful information for research data;
  • Advise and assists in the development of inferences and conclusions, as appropriate.
  • Write and execute statistical methods and analysis sections of protocols, reports and peer-reviewed publications
  • Design templates and develop specifications for status reports, analysis tables, graphs, and data listings for use in research publications and ad hoc reporting.
  • Participate in the process of data sharing with project team and external stakeholders.
  • Assist with reports and data extraction when needed from the integrated database in order to track recruitment and retention of study participants.
  • Monitor and analyze information and data systems and evaluate their performance to discover ways of enhancing them (new technologies, upgrades etc.)
  • Troubleshoot data-related problems and authorize maintenance or modifications.
  • Participate in the review of the data management plan, maintain the data management plan throughout lifecycle of projects and ensure data management plan is followed according to iTECH project data requirements/needs.
  • Maintenance of study database with regular feedback on occurrences and how these were rectified.
  • Assist in defining and/or create data listings, summary table validation, data specifications and/or process data transfers in preparation for statistical review and/or data management audit.
  • Coordinate the archiving of databases and related documents. Verify data in accordance with the study data management standard operating procedures (SOPs).
  • Respond to requests for standard reports as required in a timely manner.

Qualifications, Skills and Experience:

  • MUST have a Master’s degree in Biostatistics or Statistics or Clinical Epidemiology or Statistical Epidemiology or related field, with significant experience in Medical Sciences or public health research and data analysis.
  • MUST have a strong understanding of databases and data analysis
  • Good analytical thinking and ability to interpret epidemiological data
  • At least one year of progressive experience in data management including designing databases, data collection, analysis and presentation.
  • Knowledge of common Statistical analysis and database management packages including STATA, R, SPSS, Redcap, Open Data Kit (ODK)
  • Up-to-date training in Good Clinical Practice and Human Subjects protection Research.
  • Should be dynamic and flexible to deliver on strict program deadlines
  • Possess excellent troubleshooting skills.
  • Able to work under pressure

Available Positions: Data Officer (02)

Duty Station: Hoima and Kampala
Engagement: Full Time
Reporting to: Site Manager/ Data Manager.

Job Summary:

The data officer will provide ongoing technical assistance to the project and facility team in recording and management of project-related data in line with the study guidelines.

She/he will also assist the Data Manager in the entry, cleaning and analysis of data captured by the study database.

Key Responsibilities:

  • Ensure weekly back up of study data including ultrasound, maternal hemodynamics, laboratory, placenta histology and routine clinical data.
  • Support with study data entry.
  • Help the site teams to project participant recruitment and follow-up numbers together with the data manager.
  • Handle labelling of study participant forms including study informed consent forms and lab request forms by assigning study IDs
  • Perform labelling of ultrasound and maternal hemodynamic profiles, and any other data as guided by the line supervisor
  • Perform data export from the study equipment at the sites.
  • Help with participant tracking for follow up study visits and deliveries
  • Support the site study team in the timely compilation of daily, weekly and monthly study reports
  • Any other duties as may reasonably be assigned by the data manager and project manager

Qualifications, Skills and Experience:

  • The applicant must hold a Bachelor’s Degree in Information Technology/ Computer science.
  • Experience in medical data management is an added advantage.
  • Should be dynamic and flexible to deliver on strict program timelines
  • Understands client confidentiality and exhibits a high level of ethical conduct
  • Has basic computer literacy including word processing, excel, internet and PowerPoint.
  • Highly organised and pays attention to detail
  • Good interpersonal skills and ability to work in a team
  • Should have analytical abilities
  • Good communication skills

Available Position: Study nurse (01)

Duty Station: Hoima
Engagement: Full Time
Reporting to: Site Manager and Project Manager

Job summary:

The Study nurse will be responsible for recruitment of study participants and administering of required study related procedures to these participants.

Key Duties and Responsibilities:

  • Participate in protocol, standard operating procedures (SOPs) or any other study trainings
  • Participate in study site entry visits and engage with management of study participants. These include but not limited to patient enrolment, as guided by the protocol.
  • Obtain written informed consent for those eligible and are willing to participate in the study
  • Administer all study procedures like sample collection, data collection and entry, patient follow-up and treatment to patients recruited into the study as guided by the protocol and in accordance to set standards of Good Clinical Practice
  • Perform patient safety monitoring for any adverse events, offer care and referral as needed
  • Provide counselling and pyscho-social support to study participants where needed
  • Conduct assessment of maternal hemodynamics and maternal hemodynamics data collection under guidance of coordinator.
  • Perform first-level quality assurance and quality control (QA / QC) to ensure all fields in the consent forms and case report forms (CRFs) are complete and accurate
  • Offer support to the community health workers and research assistants for the follow- up of study participants.
  • Assist in generating study progress reports as needed
  • Perform any other duties assigned by the Operations Research officer, Project Manager and principal Investigator, as deemed necessary for study activities

Required Qualifications, experience, skills and attributes:

  • Minimum of a Bachelor in Nursing from a recognized institution.
  • Currently registered with the Uganda Nurses and Midwives Council and an up-to-date Practicing License.
  • Up-to-date training in Good Clinical Practice and Human Subjects Protection Research.
  • Previous experience with working in a research environment will be an added advantage
  • Ability to speak the indigenous languages spoken in the western region will be an added advantage

How to apply:

All applications must be submitted to the email: before Friday 4th March 2024 at 5:00PM

Additional Information

  1. The subject line of your email should be: “Application- (indicate the position) – iTECH Project
  2. Submit your application (1-page cover letter, 3 pages resume including two referees, and relevant supporting documents) as ONE PDF
  3. PDF’s exceeding 5MBs will be considered ineligible.
  4. Submission of incomplete or inaccurate documents will render the applicant ineligible for consideration for the job opening.
  5. Applications cannot be amended following submission.
  6. Only shortlisted candidates will be contacted for interviews.
  7. The interviews will be held on 11th March 2024.

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Team of 12 Students from Tottori at Makerere on a 3-Week Exchange Programme



Mr. Ochwo Gerald (Centre in necktie) with Dr. Emi Kaburagi (Left), staff from the International Office and some of the twelve exchange students from Tottori University during the meeting on 19th February 2024. Receiving team of 12 exchange students from Tottori University, Japan. The Boardroom, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (CAES), Makerere University, Kampala Uganda, East Africa.

The Makerere University International Office has this morning, 19th February 2024 hosted a team of 12 students from Tottori University, Japan, who are on a 3-week exchange programme at Makerere University and specifically, the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (CAES) and the College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity (CoVAB).

While receiving the team, the Manager International Office, Mr. Ochwo Gerald, welcomed the students and thanked Dr. Emi Kaburagi, from the Center for International Affairs for her continued support in the coordination and planning of the exchange programme. Additionally, he took a moment to share the unique journey of Makerere over its first 100 years and specifically highlighted the University’s breakthrough in medical research that has seen the discovery of nevirapine, a drug used to prevent the transmission of HIV from mother to child during birth.

Mr. Ochwo Gerald (Left) receives an assortment of souvenirs from Dr. Emi Kaburagi (Right). Receiving team of 12 exchange students from Tottori University, Japan. The Boardroom, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (CAES), Makerere University, Kampala Uganda, East Africa.
Mr. Ochwo Gerald (Left) receives an assortment of souvenirs from Dr. Emi Kaburagi (Right).

“As one of the leading institutions in research and global medicine, Makerere University’s major breakthroughs over the years have been the discovery of Nevirapine, and the electric car code-named Kiira EV. Today, the Government of Uganda in collaboration with Makerere University, has established a car manufacturing plant in Jinja, and the commuter buses produced now ply the streets of Kampala our Capital City” said Mr. Ochwo.

Dr. Emi Kaburagi in her remarks thanked Makerere University for accepting to host Tottori students and shared that the number of those seeking admission into this exchange programme has drastically increased over the years.

Students from Makerere join the group photo with peers from Tottori University. Receiving team of 12 exchange students from Tottori University, Japan. The Boardroom, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (CAES), Makerere University, Kampala Uganda, East Africa.
Students from Makerere join the group photo with peers from Tottori University.

As hosts, Makerere University is committed to ensuring that the exchange students’ visit is not only productive but also comfortable and culturally enriching. Furthermore we are highly optimistic that the students will have a pleasant stay, confident that this exchange will foster mutual understanding and deeper collaboration between our two institutions.

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Advert: Position of Second Deputy Vice Chancellor



The Main Building, Makerere University against an almost clear blue sky. Date taken 15th March 2013, Kampala Uganda, East Africa.

Makerere University is governed by the Universities and Other Tertiary Institutions Act, 2001 (as amended). The University is seeking applications from suitably qualified applicants for the position of Second Deputy Vice Chancellor.




The Second Deputy Vice Chancellor will report to the Vice Chancellor and shall:

  1. Assist the Vice Chancellor in performance of his or her functions and in that regard shall oversee the finances and administration of the University;
  2. Be responsible for the Planning and Development of the University and;
  3. Perform such other functions that may be delegated to him or her by the Vice Chancellor or assigned by the University Council.


Interested applicants are invited to submit their application letters together with the following:

  1. Curriculum Vitae with contact details signed and dated by the candidate;
  2. A motivation letter not exceeding 1,000 words about the candidate’s vision for a competitive university in the 21st century.
  3. Certified copies of academic transcripts and certificates.
  4. A copy of National Identity Card.
  5. Names and addresses of three (3) referees with their contacts.
  6. The referees should be advised to send confidential reference letters, addressed to the Chairperson Search Committee for the Position of Second Deputy Vice Chancellor and delivered directly to the address below by 5:00 pm on 11th March 2024.
  7. The references should cover the following areas: the applicant’s academic credential, experience, leadership, managerial and administrative skills and personal integrity.

Both hard copy and electronic mail (Email) applications shall be accepted.

  1. Hard copy applications: Both confidential letters and sealed applications marked “CONFIDENTIAL: POSITION OF SECOND DEPUTY VICE CHANCELLOR” should be addressed to:


  1. Electronic media (E-mail) applications should have all the above documents scanned and emailed to by 5:00 pm East African Standard Time on 11th March 2024.

Please note that:

  1. Incomplete applications or applications received after the closing time will not be considered.
  2. Only shortlisted applicants shall be contacted.

For more information and inquiries: Visit our website OR email us on OR Call Telephone number: +256-414-532634 during working hours (between 8:00 am to 5:00 pm Monday to Friday).


Prof. Buyinza Mukadasi (PhD)

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