By Arthur Moses Opio
There is a rapid increase in malicious malware within the popular Android Apps. It is a worrying trait and it comes with great concern.
Google worked with other security collaborators and they launched the “App Defense Alliance” and all this was done to ensure the safety of the App Store. However, dangerous malware has still found its way through to the App Store and surely this is putting so many people at risk.
Mak Adds Thermal Imaging, 3D Printing to Fight Against COVID-19
Makerere University under the Department of Agricultural and Bio-Systems Engineering (DABE), College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (CAES) on Friday 28th August 2020 unveiled three new additions to help control the spread of COVID-19 in public spaces. The Thermal Imaging for detection of COVID-19 as well as Three-Dimensional (3D) printing of biodegradable face shields and components for the Bulamu Ventilator are all aimed at boosting the contribution of local content to the fight against the pandemic.
The Principal Investigator of the project and Chair, DABE Prof. Noble Banadda while welcoming participants to the unveiling acknowledged the support of Makerere University Health Services led by Prof. Josaphat Byamugisha and the University of Liverpool in helping to develop the Thermal Imaging component.
“Although the hardware already exists in the public domain, our academic contribution has been the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Language (ML) to develop an algorithm that can; unlike the temperature gun, take readings from four places – the throat, mouth, nose and forehead and come up an average temperature” he remarked.
Prof. Banadda shared that over 7,000 images obtained with the help of the University Hospital were used to train the algorithm which can enable the Thermal Imaging to detect people with flu-like symptoms unlike the temperature gun. He noted that researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and partners had trained an algorithm that can identify COVID-19 from a cough and this would be integrated into the Thermal Imaging setup in the future.
He thereafter unveiled the 3D printing aspect with which the project had produced biodegradable face shields and components for the Bulamu Ventilator. “The shield component is made of acetate; a biodegradable polymer of wood and cotton, while the clasp was designed in consultation with a professor of medicine to ensure that it doesn’t form mist and is comfortable to wear.”
The reusable face shield also has antimicrobial properties, is easy to clean and is expected to retail for approximately UGX 5,000. The 3D Printer, said the PI can also be used to print three dimensional organs for disciplines of medicine, building models for architecture and any other programmes that rely on objects for teaching.
The Director of Quality Assurance Dr. Vincent Ssembatya and initiator of the Bulamu Ventilator innovation also made a brief presentation on how 3D printing has greatly aided the project. “Using the 3D printer, we are now able to print eleven components of the pneumatic system.”
In his remarks the Vice Chancellor, Prof. Barnabas Nawangwe thanked Prof. Banadda, Dr. Ssembatya and their respective teams for the efforts invested in contributing to the fight against COVID-19. “3D printing gives very accurate dimensions and has brought about a huge revolution in technology.”
The Vice Chancellor recognized the presence of the Chairperson Petroleum Authority of Uganda (PAU) Board of Directors Dr. Jane Mulemwa and Representative of Operation Wealth Creation (OWC) Lt. Gen. Charles Angina and thanked all partners for sparing time to attend the unveiling. “We are operationalizing the Intellectual Property (IP) office and are expecting to build a Science and Technology park where all our disciplines will work together to develop even more innovations.”
Introducing the Special Guest Lt. Gen. Angina, the Deputy Vice Chancellor (Academic Affairs), Dr. Umar Kakumba paid tribute to Gen. Caleb Akandwanaho and OWC for supporting the College of Business and Management Sciences (CoBAMS) Annual Entrepreneurship Expo. “The expo has over the years nurtured a lot of innovations into small businesses where our young people have been gainfully employed as part of small scale industries and contributed to the country’s development.”
In his remarks Lt. Gen. Angina commended the University leadership for the continued innovations that prove that Makerere can be the number one Higher Education Institution on the continent. “By coming up with such innovations, you have been patriotic and contributed to the global call for the fight against COVID-19.”
Lt. Gen. Angina remarked that the Kiira Motors Corporation (KMC) and other outstanding innovations have paved the way for new ones to follow in their footsteps. “With the manufacture of Electric Vehicles (EVs) in Uganda we will be able to have a double score on cars that can be powered by petroleum products and electricity.”
The Deputy Chief Coordinator OWC tasked the Bulamu Ventilator innovators to quickly secure approval for the essential device and produce as many as possible so as to meet the demand not only in Uganda, but the rest of the Africa. He equally tasked the Thermal Imaging team to expand their scope to night vision devices so as to enhance the nocturnal operations of security agencies.
He concluded his remarks by appreciating the President and Commander in Chief of the Uganda Peoples’ Defence Forces, H.E. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni for his leadership that recognizes the contribution of the academia, research and innovations to national development.
Article by Public Relations Office
Launching Two Innovations to Aid Fight Against COVID-19
It was a busy day at Makerere today with the launch of two new innovations; the 3D printing of a biodegradable facial shield/mask and the thermal imaging technology for detection of Covid-19. These two innovations have great potential in fighting the spread of the coronavirus and other infectious diseases.
I congratulate Prof. Noble Banadda from the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (CAES) and his team on these cutting edge innovations. The two innovations come on the heels of the launch of the Touchless Handwashing Kit (TW-20), a project led by Dr. Bernard Wanyama of CAES, whose target is also the fight against COVID-19.
At today’s launch of the innovations, I particularly made a call to our colleagues in Tourism to study the current challenges facing our tourism industry and come up with innovations to help revive the industry.
I thank our partners including Operation Wealth Creation (OWC) and the Petroleum Authority of Uganda (PAU) for gracing the launch.
Mak donates the Touchless Handwashing Kits to Mulago National Referral Hospital and College of Health Sciences
Makerere University has donated three Touchless Handwashing (Tw-20) Kits to Mulago National Referral Hospital and another one to the College of Health Sciences (CHS). The donation was presided over by the university Vice-Chancellor Prof. Barnabas Nawangwe at the University Main Hall during the media engagement and handover ceremony on 24th August, 2020.
The three kits donated to Mulago hospital were handed over to Dr. Christine Byanyima who represented the Hospital Director. She expressed appreciation for the identification of Mulago Hospital as a beneficiary and a long term partner.
“Mulago is a big institution with a lot of capacities. Mulago has treated over 6,000 patients of COVID 19 and has currently over 50 patients onward. Uganda is in Phase 3 of the pandemic with community infections and it is so distressing when patients come in. This donation will go a long way in the prevention and control of infections. Mulago will deploy it in areas of more traffic”, Dr. Byanyima said.
The kit for Makerere University College of Health Sciences was handed over to Dr. Waiswa Gonzaga. Dr. Waiswa was grateful to the research team and the university for considering the college among the first recipients of the donation.
He said this donation will boost the college capacity since it did not close because the Post Graduate students have been heavily engaged with activities of COVID 19, and at the same time, conducting teaching and learning.
“ We are right now undertaking examinations and this donation is timely to be stationed in one centre during face to face clinical examinations where handwashing is one of the key requirement. In our emergency unit at Casualty, social distancing is difficult, so handwashing technology will be of great importance”, Dr. Waiswa said
Makerere University recently invented the TW-20 Kit as a responsive technology to the COVID-19 Pandemic resulting from the need to limit contact with surfaces while ensuring diligent hand hygiene.
The university is implementing a project titled,” Development of a Green Low-Cost Touchless Handwash Technology ( TW-20 Kit) for public Shared Spaces”, funded by the Government of Uganda through the Makerere University Research and Innovation Fund (Mak-RIF).
The project team is composed of Dr. Joshua Wanyama as the Principal Investigator (PI) from the Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (CAES), Dr. Robert T Ssekitoleko (Co-PI) from the Department of Physiology, College of Health Sciences, Dr. Nakawuka Prossie (MakCAES), Mr. Oluuk Isaac from Badaye Technologies Ltd- a private firm owned by Makerere University Alumni and Mr. Julius Mugaga (MakCHS).
The media engagement and handover ceremony was witnessed by the project partners from the Department of Agricultural and Biosystems engineering, Makerere University Biomedical Engineering Unit, Makerere University Mak-RIF Secretariat, Badaye Technologies Ltd and the leadership of the two colleges-CAES and CHS.
Handing over the TW-20 kits, the Vice-Chancellor Prof. Barnabas Nawangwe expressed pride as a Vice Chancellor on grounds that he was seeing Makerere do what it is expected of it.
“I am proud because Makerere is becoming more and more relevant to Uganda’s population who are the owners of the university. I am proud because I see that finally our products -the graduates are becoming job creators and not jobseekers. I am also proud because you can finally see that there is collaboration between units within the university in research and innovation” The Vice Chancellor said.
Prof. Nawangwe noted that the science of dealing with viruses is one of the most advanced sciences because up to now none understands how they behave as they are studied and keep on changing.
The professor said COVID -19 has devastated the world more than anything else probably more that even the world wars because the whole world is affected at the same time without anybody firing any guns.
“Economies are devastated because of that tiny organism called the corona virus. So humanity must innovate in all ways if we are to survive and I am happy that Makerere University is taking the lead role in addressing the issue of COVID-19”, The VC said.
The Vice-Chancellor congratulated the research team saying they were given money slightly over a month ago and they already have the innovation.
“The other unique thing about this innovation is the level of ingenuity and home made in Uganda and at Makerere University, the beautiful black color, the IT in it, timing how long one is washing hands with a clear sound and message and data collection. If you are going to make more improvements at least for Makerere, put a camera so that I see who is washing and who is not washing”, the VC appreciated.
Prof. Nawangwe said Makerere has been at the fore front of fighting COVID-19 and has presented a number of innovations to the country to demonstrate the capacity of the university that has been there to drive Uganda’s economy to become a middle income country.
The Vice Chancellor applauded the Government Uganda, for the first time for giving Makerere University quite a big amount of money just for research and innovations saying, no university in Africa has got that kind of money just for research.
He also applauded the Government of Uganda for improving the welfare of the academic staff in all public universities noting that all these are aimed at universities giving back and improving the welfare of Ugandans.
He also expressed happiness about the alumni forming a company saying, one of the focus areas of the university strategic plan is to churn out as many companies as the university can from the research and innovations done to create jobs for the multitude of the young people roaming on streets.
Prof. Nawangwe also stressed that everything possible is being done to protect the university community from the Corona pandemic noting that almost 80% of the PhD staff stay on the hill.
The Vice Chancellor reported that one of the university staff had tweeted for having tested positive for COVID-19 and hence the university had restricted public and staff access into the university, banned face to face meeting, enforcing the Standard Operating Procedure and encouraging staff to work from home.
Prof. Nawangwe warned staff that the country may be headed for the worst.
“For three months we were seeing people dying all over the world and nobody had died in Uganda and now the number is increasing. We have closed all the gates so that all people accessing the university pass through the main gate so that they can be monitored.
We have banned all physical meetings, people must meet online. We are insisting that everybody must wear their mask properly not covering their mouth only and not wearing masks as necklaces. We are also emphasizing that people sanitize before they enter the buildings”. Nawangwe stated.
The Mak-RIF representative Dr. John Mutenyo described the recipient institutions as lucky and the innovation as timely and relevant given the current situation of COVID -19 pandemic.
“More importantly, this is a product and an innovation from Makerere University and it is made in Uganda by Ugandans”. Said Dr. Mutenyo.
Dr. Mutenyo thanked the Government of Uganda for the continued good and fruit yielding working relationship with Makerere University.
He said it is fulfilling that the government chose to support research at Makerere University and its partners- other universities, private sector and others
“In the past Financial Year 2019/2020 Makerere University received shs. 30 bn for research and innovation. In the second financial year 2020/2021, the university has so far received shs 15 bn towards the same cause and has pledged continued support to the university.
It is through such generosity and support from government that the university has come out with approaches to curb the spread of the COVID 19 pandemic. Through government support the university is able to conduct research translating into findings and approaches contributing to Uganda’s development and the subsequent high ranking in research”, Dr. Mutenyo said.
The Principal Investigator, Dr. Joshua Wanyama said when the first COVID -19 case in Uganda was announced in March 2020, Badaye (a private firm owned by Mak Alumni) embarked on developing and testing the first prototype of the TW-20 Kit to automate handwashing.
He explained that TW as an acronym signifies the,” Touchless Wash” while,”20” signifies the 20 seconds which are minimally recommended by WHO to effectively hand wash with soap.
He said that after the development of the first prototype, the Kit was trialed in the Kasubi-Kawaala suburb and Kawaala Health Centre IV for a month to obtain field based preliminary results for proof-of-concept and feedback from users.
Dr. Wanyama reported that the results were convincing and based on the results, there was need to improve the design of the Kit and thus Badaye partnered with Makerere University to move the project further.
“With support from Mak-RIF, the design has been improved and 15 Kits fabricated and installed at different publicly shared spaces in Kampala Metropolitan Area. The results are exciting; we have recorded over 65000 handwashers as of 23rd August 2020 from the Kits installed in just one week of Installation”, Dr. Wanyama stated.
The 15 beneficiaries of TW-20 Kits include:- Makerere University, Makerere University Hospital, Mulago National Referral Hospital, Kawempe National Referral Hospital, Luweero town Market and Kiruddu National Referral Hospital. Others are Kalerwe Market, Kawaala Health Centre IV, Nansana- Masitoowa market, Entebbe Grade B Hospital, Nakasero Market, Nakawa Market, Mbuya market and Mukono Health Centre IV.
“With the current progress on hand washing hygiene adherence, we have reported a need to increase the number of kits installed and also scale out to different points and this is where we need a hand from different developmental partners and Mak-RIF to expand our collective impact in the COVID 19 fight”, The PI Dr. Joshua Wanyama submitted.
Julius Mugaga working with Badaye Technologies Ltd is an Alumni of Makerere University who did his Bachelors in Bio medical engineering and currently an MSc student in Bio informatics and junior staff at Makerere University.
He said Badaye Technologies Ltd is composed of a young team of young minds motivated to address community challenges but because they are young, they thought of partnering with big institutions like Makerere University.
He was appreciative that the Makerere research team trusted and mentored them to come up with TW-20 Technology.
“The technology can be summarized in three terms- the touchless handwashing kit is “Smart, Responsive and Revolutionalised kit ”, first with the hardware bit of it which does the handwashing and then, the cloud that stores the data of the hand wash of every record of water and soap consumption and any technical troubleshooting of the device”, Mugaga stated.
Mugaga said the major component of the Kit is the spout where water and soap come from but the system is built with solar, a battery, and can also be plugged in electricity.
The kit is touchless and pedal-less with audio guided user interaction during handwashing in customized languages with English as a default language.
This system dispenses soap, gives you time of about 10 seconds to rub before it can give you rinsing water.
Other unique features of the TW-20 Kit are:
Remote monitoring, digital communication and daily use data transmission via TW-20 view, handwashing with soap as per the recommended WHO guidelines, frugal with good soap and water use metrics.
The TW-20 Kit is also a Green technology that uses solar, battery with AC –Mains as back up, it’s a low-cost technology, appropriate for pubic shared places like markets, hospitals, schools, restaurants etc and proudly made in Uganda by Ugandans.
As of now, one kit costs UG Shs.1.6million but with big orders the cost may reduce up UG Shs. eight hundred thousand.
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